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Flavour profile of three novel acidic varieties of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.)

Lignou, S., Parker, J. K., Oruna-Concha, M. J. and Mottram, D. S. (2013) Flavour profile of three novel acidic varieties of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Food Chemistry, 139 (1-4). pp. 1152-1160. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.01.068

Abstract/Summary

Novel acidic varieties of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) are emerging onto the UK market. These melons contain almost twice the amount of citric acid compared to standard melons and are described as ‘zesty and fresh’. This study compared the flavour components of three acidic varieties with a standard Galia-type melon. The volatile and semivolatile compounds were extracted using dynamic headspace extraction (DHE) or solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and solid phase extraction (SPE) respectively, followed by gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography – olfactometry (GC-O). More than 50 volatile and 50 semivolatile compounds were identified in the headspace and the SPE extracts respectively. GC-O revealed 15 odour-active components in the headspace, with esters being consistently higher in acidic variety. This study showed quantitative and qualitative differences between all four varieties and key differences between acidic varieties and standard melons.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:30671
Publisher:Elsevier

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