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Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation

Willer, C. J., Speliotes, E. K., Loos, R. J. F., Li, S., Lindgren, C. M., Heid, I. M., Berndt, S. I., Elliott, A. L., Jackson, A. U., Lamina, C., Lettre, G., Lim, N., Lyon, H. N., McCarroll, S. A., Papadakis, K., Qi, L., Randall, J. C., Roccasecca, R. M., Sanna, S., Scheet, P. , Weedon, M. N., Wheeler, E., Zhao, J. H., Jacobs, L. C., Prokopenko, I., Soranzo, N., Tanaka, T., Timpson, N. J., Almgren, P., Bennett, A., Bergman, R. N., Bingham, S. A., Bonnycastle, L. L., Brown, M., Burtt, N. P., Chines, P., Coin, L., Collins, F. S., Connell, J. M., Cooper, C., Smith, G. D., Dennison, E. M., Deodhar, P., Elliott, P., Erdos, M. R., Estrada, K., Evans, D. M., Gianniny, L., Gieger, C., Gillson, C. J., Guiducci, C., Hackett, R., Hadley, D., Hall, A. S., Havulinna, A. S., Hebebrand, J., Hofman, A., Isomaa, B., Jacobs, K. B., Johnson, T., Jousilahti, P., Jovanovic, Z., Khaw, K.-T., Kraft, P., Kuokkanen, M., Kuusisto, J., Laitinen, J., Lakatta, E. G., Luan, J.'a., Luben, R. N., Mangino, M., McArdle, W. L., Meitinger, T., Mulas, A., Munroe, P. B., Narisu, N., Ness, A. R. l., Northstone, K., O'Rahilly, S., Purmann, C., Rees, M. G. l., Ridderstråle, M., Ring, S. M. l., Rivadeneira, F., Ruokonen, A., Sandhu, M. S., Saramies, J., Scott, L. J., Scuteri, A., Silander, K., Sims, M. A., Song, K., Stephens, J., Stevens, S., Stringham, H. M., Tung, Y. C. L., Valle, T. T., Van Duijn, C. M., Vimaleswaran, K. S., Vollenweider, P., Waeber, G., Wallace, C., Watanabe, R. M., Waterworth, D. M., Watkins, N., Witteman, J. C. M., Zeggini, E., Zhai, G., Zillikens, M. C., Altshuler, D., Caulfield, M. J., Chanock, S. J., Farooqi, I. S., Ferrucci, L., Guralnik, J. M., Hattersley, A. T., Hu, F. B., Jarvelin, M.-R., Laakso, M., Mooser, V., Ong, K. K., Ouwehand, W. H., Salomaa, V., Samani, N. J., Spector, T. D., Tuomi, T., Tuomilehto, J., Uda, M., Uitterlinden, A. G., Wareham, N. J., Deloukas, P., Frayling, T. M., Groop, L. C., Hayes, R. B., Hunter, D. J., Mohlke, K. L., Peltonen, L., Schlessinger, D., Strachan, D. P., Wichmann, H.-E., McCarthy, M. I., Boehnke, M., Barroso, I., Abecasis, G. R. and Hirschhorn, J. N. (2009) Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation. Nature Genetics, 41 (1). pp. 25-34. ISSN 1546-1718

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/ng.287

Abstract/Summary

Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we conducted meta-analysis of 15 genome-wide association studies for BMI (n > 32,000) and followed up top signals in 14 additional cohorts (n > 59,000). We strongly confirm FTO and MC4R and identify six additional loci (P < 5 x 10(-8)): TMEM18, KCTD15, GNPDA2, SH2B1, MTCH2 and NEGR1 (where a 45-kb deletion polymorphism is a candidate causal variant). Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:34687
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

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