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Clustering of adherence to personalised dietary recommendations and changes in healthy eating index within the Food4Me study

Livingstone, K. M., Celis-Morales, C., Lara, J., Woolhead, C., O'Donovan, C. B., Forster, H., Marsaux, C. F. M., Macready, A. L., Fallaize, R., Navas-Carretero, S., San-Cristobal, R., Kolossa, S., Tsirigoti, L., Lambrinou, C. P., Moschonis, G., Surwiłło, A., Drevon, C. A., Manios, Y., Traczyk, I., Gibney, E. R. , Brennan, L., Walsh, M. C., Lovegrove, J. A., Martinez, J. A., Saris, W. H. M., Daniel, H., Gibney, M. and Mathers, J. C. (2016) Clustering of adherence to personalised dietary recommendations and changes in healthy eating index within the Food4Me study. Public Health Nutrition, 19 (18). pp. 3296-3305. ISSN 1368-9800

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S1368980016001932

Abstract/Summary

Objective: To characterise clusters of individuals based on adherence to dietary recommendations and to determine whether changes in Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores in response to a personalised nutrition (PN) intervention varied between clusters. Design: Food4Me study participants were clustered according to whether their baseline dietary intakes met European dietary recommendations. Changes in HEI scores between baseline and month 6 were compared between clusters and stratified by whether individuals received generalised or PN advice. Setting: Pan-European, Internet-based, 6-month randomised controlled trial. Subjects: Adults aged 18–79 years (n1480). Results: Individuals in cluster 1 (C1) met all recommended intakes except for red meat, those in cluster 2 (C2) met two recommendations, and those in cluster 3 (C3) and cluster 4 (C4) met one recommendation each. C1 had higher intakes of white fish, beans and lentils and low-fat dairy products and lower percentage energy intake from SFA (P<0·05). C2 consumed less chips and pizza and fried foods than C3 and C4 (P<0·05). C1 were lighter, had lower BMI and waist circumference than C3 and were more physically active than C4 (P<0·05). More individuals in C4 were smokers and wanted to lose weight than in C1 (P<0·05). Individuals who received PN advice in C4 reported greater improvements in HEI compared with C3 and C1 (P<0·05). Conclusions: The cluster where the fewest recommendations were met (C4) reported greater improvements in HEI following a 6-month trial of PN whereas there was no difference between clusters for those randomised to the Control, non-personalised dietary intervention.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Economic and Social Sciences Division > Food Economics and Marketing (FEM)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Nutrition and Health
ID Code:66410
Uncontrolled Keywords:Clustering; Personalised nutrition; Dietary recommendations; Healthy Eating Index
Publisher:Cambridge University Press

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