Accessibility navigation


Systematic review and meta-analysis: anxiety and depressive disorders in offspring of parents with anxiety disorders

Lawrence, P. J., Murayama, K. and Creswell, C. (2019) Systematic review and meta-analysis: anxiety and depressive disorders in offspring of parents with anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 58 (1). pp. 46-60. ISSN 0890-8567

[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

1MB
[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

498kB
[img] Text (Figure 1) - Supplemental Material
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

42kB
[img] Text (Figure 2) - Supplemental Material
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

109kB
[img] Text (Fig. 3) - Supplemental Material
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

166kB
[img] Text (Fig 4) - Supplemental Material
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

136kB
[img] Text (Fig 5) - Supplemental Material
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

135kB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2018.07.898

Abstract/Summary

Objective: We conducted meta-analyses to assess risk of anxiety disorders among offspring of parents with anxiety disorders and to establish whether there is evidence of specificity of risk for anxiety disorders as opposed to depression in offspring, and whether particular parent anxiety disorders confer risks for particular child anxiety disorders. We also examined whether risk was moderated by offspring age, gender, temperament and the presence of depressive disorders in parents. Method: We searched PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science in June, 2016 and July, 2017 (PROSPERO CRD42016048814). Study inclusion criteria: published in peer-reviewed journals; contained at least one group of parents with anxiety disorders and at least one comparison group of parents who did not have anxiety disorders; reported rates of anxiety disorders in offspring, and used validated diagnostic tools to ascertain diagnoses. We used random and mixed-effects models and evaluated study quality. Results: We included 25 studies (7285 offspring). Where parents had an anxiety disorder, offspring were significantly more likely to have anxiety (RR: 1.76, 95% CI = 1.58-1.96) and depressive disorders (RR: 1.31, 95% CI = 1.13-1.52) than offspring of parents without anxiety disorders. Parent Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder appeared to confer particular risk. Risk was greater for offspring anxiety than depressive disorders (RR: 2.50, 95% CI = 1.50-4.16), and specifically for offspring Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder and Specific Phobia, but there was no evidence that children of parents with particular anxiety disorders were at increased risk for the same particular anxiety disorders. Moderation analyses were possible only for offspring age, gender and parental depressive disorder; none were significant. Conclusions: Parent anxiety disorders pose specific risks of anxiety disorders to offspring. However, there is limited support for transmission of the same particular anxiety disorder. These results support the potential for targeted prevention of anxiety disorders.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Anxiety and Depression in Young People (AnDY)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience
ID Code:78608
Publisher:Elsevier

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation