Accessibility navigation


Barriers and facilitators to identification and management of childhood anxiety disorders in primary care: a survey of general practitioners in England

O'brien, D., Harvey, K. and Creswell, C. (2019) Barriers and facilitators to identification and management of childhood anxiety disorders in primary care: a survey of general practitioners in England. BMJ Open, 9. e023876. ISSN 2044-6055

[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

264kB
[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only

514kB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023876

Abstract/Summary

Objectives: Although anxiety disorders are the most common emotional disorders in childhood and are associated with a broad range of negative outcomes, only a minority of affected children receive professional support. In the UK, General Practitioners(GPs) are seen as "gate-keepers" to mental health services. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which GPs experience barriers and facilitators to identifying, managing and accessing specialist services for these disorders, as well as factors associated with GPs’ confidence. Design & setting: Cross-sectional, self-report questionnaire in primary care, addressing identification, management and access to specialist services for children(under 12 years) with anxiety disorders. Participants: 971 GPs in England. Primary outcomes: The primary outcomes for this research was the extent to which GPs felt confident a)identifying and b)managing anxiety disorders in children. Results: Only 51% and 13% of GPs felt confident identifying and managing child anxiety disorders respectively. A minority believed that their training in identification(21%) and management(10%) was adequate. Time restrictions inhibited identification and management, and long waiting times was a barrier to accessing specialist services. Being female(Ex(B)=1.4,95%CI 1.1-1.9) and being in a less deprived practice(Ex(B)=1.1,95%CI 1-1.1) was associated with higher confidence identifying childhood anxiety disorders. Being a parent of a child over the age of 5(Ex(B)=2,95%CI 1.1-3.5) and being in a less deprived practice(Ex(B)=1.1,95%CI 1-1.2) was associated with higher confidence in management. Receipt of psychiatric or paediatric training was not significantly associated with GP confidence. Conclusions: GPs believe they have a role in identifying and managing childhood anxiety disorders, however their confidence appears to be related to their personal experience and the context in which they work, rather than their training, highlighting the need to strengthen GP training and facilitate access to resources and services to enable them to support children with these common but debilitating conditions. Funding: This work was supported by grant a National Institute for Health Research ‘Research Professorship’ to CC (NIHR-RP-2014-04-018). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Anxiety and Depression in Young People (AnDY)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
ID Code:82382
Publisher:BMJ Group

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation