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A nutrigenetic approach for investigating the relationship between vitamin B12 status and metabolic traits in Indonesian women

Surendran, S., Aji, A. S., Ariyasra, U., Sari, S. R., Malik, S. G., Tasrif, N., Yani, F. F., Lovegrove, J. A., Sudji, I. R., Lipoeto, N. I. and Vimaleswaran, K. S. (2019) A nutrigenetic approach for investigating the relationship between vitamin B12 status and metabolic traits in Indonesian women. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 18 (2). pp. 389-399. ISSN 2251-6581

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s40200-019-00424-z

Abstract/Summary

Purpose: Adverse effects of maternal vitamin B12 deficiency have been linked to major clinical outcomes, including increased body mass index and gestational diabetes, however, less is known about vitamin B12 nutrition in non-pregnant women. Hence, the aim of the present study was to explore the relationships between metabolic traits and vitamin B12 status in a cohort of healthy Indonesian women and to investigate whether these relationships were modified by dietary intake using a genetic approach. Methods: A total of 117 Minangkabau women (aged 25-60 years), from the city of Padang, West Sumatra underwent anthropometric, biochemical, dietary intake analysis and genetic tests. Genetic risk scores (GRS) based on nine vitamin B12 associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (B12-GRS) and nine metabolic SNPs (metabolic-GRS) were constructed. Results: The B12-GRS and metabolic-GRS had no effect on vitamin B12 (P>0.160) and metabolic traits (P>0.085). However, an interaction was observed between the B12-GRS and dietary fibre intake (g) on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) levels (P interaction=0.042), where among those who consumed a low fibre diet (4.90 ± 1.00 g/day), individuals carrying ≥9 risk alleles for vitamin B12 deficiency had significantly higher HbA1C levels (P=0.025) compared to those carrying ≤8 risk alleles. Conclusion: Our study showed a significant impact of the B12-GRS on HbA1C concentrations through the influence of a dietary factor, however, our study failed to provide evidence for an impact of metabolic-GRS on lowering B12 concentrations. Further replication studies utilizing larger sample sizes are needed to confirm our findings.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:85044
Publisher:Springer

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