Accessibility navigation


Evaluation of (−)-epicatechin metabolites as recovery biomarker of dietary flavan-3-ol intake

Ottaviani, J. I., Fong, R., Kimball, J., Ensunsa, J. L., Gray, N., Vogiatzoglou, A., Britten, A., Lucarelli, D., Luben, R., Grace, P. B., Mawson, D. H., Tym, A., Wierzbicki, A., Smith, D. A., Wareham, N. J., Forouhi, N. G., Khaw, K.-T., Schroeter, H. and Kuhnle, G. G. C. (2019) Evaluation of (−)-epicatechin metabolites as recovery biomarker of dietary flavan-3-ol intake. Scientific Reports, 9. 13108. ISSN 2045-2322

[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

1MB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49702-z

Abstract/Summary

Data from dietary intervention studies suggest that intake of (−)-epicatechin mediates beneficial vascular effects in humans. However, population-based investigations are required to evaluate associations between habitual intake and health and these studies rely on accurate estimates of intake, which nutritional biomarkers can provide. Here, we evaluate a series of structurally related (−)-epicatechin metabolites (SREM), particularly (−)-epicatechin-3′-glucuronide, (−)-epicatechin- 3′-sulfate and 3′-o-methyl-(−)-epicatechin-5-sulfate (SREMB), as flavan-3-ol and (−)-epicatechin intake. SReMB in urine proved to be a specific indicator of (−)-epicatechin intake, showing also a strong correlation with the amount of (−)-epicatechin ingested (R2: 0.86 (95% CI 0.8l; 0.92). The median recovery of (−)-epicatechin as SReMB in 24 h urine was 10% (IQR 7–13%) and we found SREMB in the majority of participants of EPIC Norfolk (83% of 24,341) with a mean concentration of 2.4 ± 3.2 μmol/L. our results show that SReMB are suitable as biomarker of (−)-epicatechin intake. According to evaluation criteria from iARc and the institute of Medicine, the results obtained support use of SReMB as a recovery biomarker to estimate actual intake of (−)-epicatechin.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:86060
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation