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The response of the northern hemisphere storm tracks and jet streams to climate change in the CMIP3, CMIP5, and CMIP6 climate models

Harvey, B. J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6510-8181, Cook, P., Shaffrey, L. C. and Schiemann, R. (2020) The response of the northern hemisphere storm tracks and jet streams to climate change in the CMIP3, CMIP5, and CMIP6 climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. ISSN 2169-8996 (In Press)

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2020JD032701

Abstract/Summary

The representation of the northern hemisphere (NH) storm tracks and jet streams and their response to climate change has been evaluated in climate model simulations from phases 3, 5 and 6 of the Couple Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3, CMIP5 and CMIP6, respectively). The spatial patterns of the multi‐model biases in CMIP3, CMIP5, and CMIP6 are similar, however the magnitudes of the biases in the CMIP6 models are substantially lower. For instance, the multi‐model mean RMSE of the North Atlantic storm track for the CMIP6 models (as measured by time‐filtered sea‐level pressure variance) is over 50% smaller than that of the CMIP3 models in both winter and summer, and over 40% smaller for the North Pacific. The magnitude of the jet stream biases are also reduced in CMIP6, but by a lesser extent. Despite this improved representation of the current climate, the spatial patterns of the climate change response of the NH storm tracks and jet streams remain similar in the CMIP3, CMIP5, and CMIP6 models. The SSP2‐4.5 scenario responses in the CMIP6 models are substantially larger than in the RCP4.5 CMIP5 models, which is consistent with the larger climate sensitivities of the CMIP6 models compared to CMIP5.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:94525
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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