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A 3 × 2 achievement goal model

Elliot, A. J., Murayama, K. and Pekrun, R. (2011) A 3 × 2 achievement goal model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103 (3). pp. 632-648. ISSN 0022-0663

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1037/a0023952


In the present research, a 3 × 2 model of achievement goals is proposed and tested. The model is rooted in the definition and valence components of competence, and encompasses 6 goal constructs: task-approach, task-avoidance, self-approach, self-avoidance, other-approach, and other-avoidance. The results from 2 studies provided strong support for the proposed model, most notably the need to separate task-based and self-based goals. Studies 1 and 2 yielded data establishing the 3 × 2 structure of achievement goals, and Study 2 documented the antecedents and consequences of each of the goals in the 3 × 2 model. Terminological, conceptual, and applied issues pertaining to the 3 × 2 model are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Development
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Social
ID Code:34828
Uncontrolled Keywords:achievement competence goal motivation Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) 3 × 2 Achievement Goal Questionnaire Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire Intrinsic Motivation Scale Academic Efficacy scale Revised Worry-Emotionality Scale Activation-Deactivation Adjective Checklist-Energy scale Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding-Impression Management scale Empirical Study Quantitative Study Approach Avoidance Academic Achievement Achievement Motivation US article Germany 3550:Academic Learning & Achievement
Publisher:American Psychological Association

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