Accessibility navigation

Applying probiotics and prebiotics in new delivery formats – is the clinical evidence transferable?

Cunningham, M., Vinderola, G., Charalampopoulos, D. ORCID:, Lebeer, S., Sanders, M. E. and Grimaldi, R. (2021) Applying probiotics and prebiotics in new delivery formats – is the clinical evidence transferable? Trends in Food Science & Technology. ISSN 0924-2244

[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· The Copyright of this document has not been checked yet. This may affect its availability.
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2021.04.009


Background There is substantial demand for gut health products incorporating probiotics and prebiotics. They are being delivered as ingredients in an increasing range of different product formulations. While new delivery matrices are assessed for their potential impact on cell viability and prebiotic degradation, it is unknown whether they should be expected to independently alter the clinical effect of a given probiotic and prebiotic. Scope and Approach We provide an overview of preclinical and clinical data to examine the degree to which probiotic and prebiotic efficacy may be altered by processing and incorporation into various delivery matrices. We also consider the impact of inter-individual host factors on product efficacy. We further review regulatory positions across the globe on substantiation of prebiotic and probiotic efficacy in the final product format. Key Findings and Conclusions In vitro data suggest that the delivery matrix may interact with prebiotic and probiotic functions via various physicochemical interactions with molecular and cellular structures and changes in cellular expression. However, direct evidence to suggest these changes have a significant in vivo impact is very limited. Indeed, meta-analyses suggest an elasticity robustness of effect across delivery matrices. Regulatory expectations vary among regions, but scope typically exists for adequate scientific justification to translate probiotic or prebiotic evidence across product formats. Early evidence suggests host factors such as diet, health and microbiome status are likely to play an important role in an individual’s response to a given probiotic and prebiotic.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:97332

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation