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Inhibition of p38/CREB phosphorylation and COX-2 expression by olive oil polyphenols underlies their anti-proliferative effects

Corona, G., Deiana, M., Incani, A., Vauzour, D., Dessi, M.A. and Spencer, J.P.E. (2007) Inhibition of p38/CREB phosphorylation and COX-2 expression by olive oil polyphenols underlies their anti-proliferative effects. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 362 (3). pp. 606-611. ISSN 0006-291X

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.08.049

Abstract/Summary

We investigated the anti-proliferative effects of an olive oil polyphenolic extract on human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Analysis indicated that the extract contained hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol and the various secoiridoid derivatives, including oleuropein. This extract exerted a strong inhibitory effect on cancer cell proliferation, which was linked to the induction of a G2/M phase cell cycle block. Following treatment with the extract (50 mu g/ml) the number of cells in the G2/M phase increased to 51.82 +/- 2.69% relative to control cells (15.1 +/- 2.5%). This G2/M block was mediated by the ability of olive oil polyphenols (50 mu g/ml) to exert rapid inhibition of p38 (38.7 +/- 4.7%) and CREB (28.6 +/- 5.5%) phosphorylation which led to a downstream reduction in COX-2 expression (56.9 +/- 9.3%). Our data suggest that olive oil polyphenols may exert chemo preventative effects in the large intestine by interacting with signalling pathways responsible for colorectal cancer development. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
ID Code:13487
Uncontrolled Keywords:olive oil, polyphenol, colon cancer, large intestine, MAPK kinase, COX-2, COLON-CARCINOMA CELLS, CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 EXPRESSION, CANCER, GROWTH, ACID, APOPTOSIS, HYDROXYTYROSOL, METABOLITES, MODULATION, PROMOTES

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