A longitudinal study of adipose tissue glucose utilization during pregnancy and the puerperium in normal subjects
Williams, C. M., Pipe, N. G. and Coltart, T. M. (1986) A longitudinal study of adipose tissue glucose utilization during pregnancy and the puerperium in normal subjects. Human Nutrition. Clinical Nutrition, 40 (1). pp. 15-23. ISSN 0263-8290
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A longitudinal study of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in normal pregnant volunteers demonstrated distinct alterations in maternal fuel utilization as pregnancy progresses. Glucose uptake into maternal adipose tissue and plasma glucose levels were significantly reduced in late pregnancy compared to early pregnancy and post-partum values. Plasma fatty acids, glycerol and ketone levels were elevated in late pregnancy. This confirms the concept of the third trimester as a catabolic phase within the maternal system, and provides support for the view that the insulin resistance of pregnancy may be a compensatory response to overcome the inhibitive effects of metabolites such as fatty acids on peripheral uptake of glucose.