Accessibility navigation


Severe platelet dysfunction in NHL patients receiving ibrutinib is absent in patients receiving acalabrutinib

Bye, A. P., Unsworth, A. J., Desborough, M. J., Hildyard, C. A. T., Appleby, N., Bruce, D., Kriek, N., Nock, S. H., Sage, T., Hughes, C. E. and Gibbins, J. M. (2017) Severe platelet dysfunction in NHL patients receiving ibrutinib is absent in patients receiving acalabrutinib. Blood Advances, 1 (26). pp. 2610-2623. ISSN 2473-9529

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

2MB
[img] Text (Permanent Publisher Embargo) - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only

1MB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2017011999

Abstract/Summary

The Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk) inhibitor ibrutinib induces platelet dysfunction and causes increased risk of bleeding. Off-target inhibition of Tec is believed to contribute to platelet dysfunction and other side-effects of ibrutinib. The second generation Btk inhibitor acalabrutinib was developed with improved specificity for Btk over Tec. We investigated platelet function in patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) receiving ibrutinib or acalabrutinib by aggregometry and by measuring thrombus formation on collagen under arterial shear. Both patient groups had similarly dysfunctional aggregation responses to collagen and collagen-related peptide (CRP-XL) and comparison with mechanistic experiments in which platelets from healthy donors were treated with the Btk inhibitors suggested that both drugs inhibit platelet Btk and Tec at physiological concentrations. Only ibrutinib caused dysfunctional thrombus formation, while size and morphology of thrombi following acalabrutinib treatment were of normal size and morphology. We found that ibrutinib but not acalabrutinib inhibited SFKs and that SFKs have a critical role in platelet adhesion to collagen that is likely to underpin unstable thrombus formation observed in ibrutinib patients. We found that platelet function was enhanced by increasing levels of vWF and FVIII ex vivo by addition of intermediate purity FVIII (haemate P) to blood from patients, resulting in consistently larger thrombi. We conclude that acalabrutinib avoids major platelet dysfunction associated with ibrutinib therapy, and platelet function may be enhanced in patients with B-cell NHL by increasing plasma vWF and FVIII.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:73618
Uncontrolled Keywords:Platelets, Ibrutinib, Acalabrutnib, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Myeloid Neoplasms
Publisher:American Society of Hematology

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation