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The utility of the SCAS-C/P to detect specific anxiety disorders among clinically anxious children

Reardon, T., Creswell, C., Lester, K. J., Arendt, K., Blatter-Meunier, J., Bogels, S. M., Coleman, J. R. I., Cooper, P., Heiervang, E. R., Herren, C., Hogendoorn, S. M., Hudson, J. L., Keers, R., Lyneham, H. J., Marin, C., Nauta, M., Rapee, R. M., Roberts, S., Schneider, S., Silverman, W. K. , Thastum, M., Thirlwall, K., Wergeland, G. J. and Eley, T. C. (2019) The utility of the SCAS-C/P to detect specific anxiety disorders among clinically anxious children. Psychological Assessment. ISSN 1040-3590

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1037/pas0000700

Abstract/Summary

Questionnaire measures offer a time and cost-effective alternative to full diagnostic assessments for identifying and differentiating between potential anxiety disorders, and are commonly used in clinical practice. Little is known, however, about the capacity of questionnaire measures to detect specific anxiety disorders in clinically anxious preadolescent children. This study aimed to establish the ability of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) subscales to identify children with specific anxiety disorders in a large clinic-referred sample (n = 1438) of children aged 7-12 years. We examined the capacity of the separation anxiety, social phobia, generalised anxiety and physical injury fears (phobias) subscales to discriminate between children with and without the target disorder. We also identified optimal cut off-scores on subscales for accurate identification of children with the corresponding disorder, and examined the contribution of child, mother, and father report. The separation anxiety subscale was able to accurately identify children with Separation Anxiety Disorder, and this was replicated across all three reporters. Mother and father reported social phobia subscales also accurately identified children with Social Anxiety Disorder, although child report was only able to accurately detect Social Anxiety Disorder in girls. Using two or more reporters improved the sensitivity of the separation anxiety and social phobia subscales, but reduced specificity. The generalised anxiety and physical injury fears subscales failed to accurately identify children with the corresponding disorders. These findings have implications for the potential use of mother, father and child report SCAS subscales to detect specific disorders in pre-adolescent children in clinical settings.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Anxiety and Depression in Young People (AnDY)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience
ID Code:81541
Publisher:American Psychological Association

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