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Biotechnological production of optically pure 2,3-Butanediol by Bacillus subtilis based on Dissolved Oxygen Control Strategy

Suttikul, S., Charalampopoulos, D. ORCID: and Chatzifragkou, A. ORCID: (2023) Biotechnological production of optically pure 2,3-Butanediol by Bacillus subtilis based on Dissolved Oxygen Control Strategy. Fermentation, 9 (1). 15. ISSN 2311-5637

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/fermentation9010015


2,3-Butanediol (2,3-BD) is a promising platform chemical, produced from microbial cells. Oxygen availability is a crucial factor driving the formation and proportion of 2,3-BD and acetoin in 2,3-BD producing bacterial strains. In this study, the ability of B. subtills to produce 2,3-BD in optimized sucrose-based media was evaluated, by investigating the impact of carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio and the effectiveness of alternative low-cost nitrogen sources (corn steep liquor, soybean meal, and ammonium sulphate). Subsequently, different dissolved oxygen (DO) controlling regimes were assessed in batch bioreactor fermentations. The best fermentation outcomes were obtained with uncontrolled DO, achieving 5.88 g/L of optically pure (R,R)-2,3-BD (~100% purity), accompanied by a production yield of 0.43 g/g, and a productivity of 0.2 g/L/h. Additionally, the influence of DO controlling regime on B. subtills key-enzymes involved in the reverse activity of acetoin reductase was also monitored. Fed-batch process under the most suitable DO conditions was carried out to improve 2,3-BD production, achieving 42.31 g/L 2,3-BD with a production yield of 0.52 g/g. Thus, B. subtilis GD5 (FSBC 322) is a promising strain for the efficient production of pure chiral (R,R)-2,3-BD under uncontrolled DO conditions, using alternative low-cost nitrogen sources.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:109507


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