Quantitation of apolipoprotein B-48 in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Lovegrove, J. A., Isherwood, S. G., Jackson, K. G., Williams, C. M. and Gould, B. J. (1996) Quantitation of apolipoprotein B-48 in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1301 (3). pp. 221-229. ISSN 1388-1981
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/0005-2760(96)00039-2
This paper describes the use of an antiserum, specific for apolipoprotein (apo) B-48, in a competitive, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for apo B-48 in triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL) fractions prepared from fasting and post-prandial plasma samples. Previously we showed the antiserum to act as an effective immunoblotting agent following sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Its use in this ELISA indicates that the antiserum recognises the C-terminal region of the protein on the surface of lipoprotein particles. The ELISA had a sensitivity of less than 37 ng/ml and intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation of 3.8% and 8.6%, respectively. There was no cross-reaction in the ELISA against serum albumin, ovalbumin, thyroglobulin, or apo B-100 (purified by immunoaffinity chromatography), and high lipid concentrations (as Intralipid) did not interfere. A low density lipoprotein fraction reacted in the ELISA but SDS-PAGE-Western blot analysis confirmed the presence, in the fraction, of a small amount of apo B-48, indicating the existence of low density dietary-derived lipoprotein particles. ELISA and SDS-PAGE-Western blot analysis were used to measure apo B-48 in 12 series of postprandial samples collected from 4 diabetic and 8 normal subjects, following test meals of varying fat content. The mean correlation between the two methods was r = 0.74. The mean fasting concentration of apo B-48 in the TRL fractions from 15 healthy men was 0.46 μg/ml of plasma.