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The leptin receptor Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) mediates the postprandial lipaemic response, but only in males.

Jackson, K. G., Delgado-Lista, J., Gill, R., Lovegrove, J. A., Williams, C. M., López-Miranda, J. and Minihane, A. M. (2012) The leptin receptor Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) mediates the postprandial lipaemic response, but only in males. Atherosclerosis, 225 (1). pp. 135-141. ISSN 0021-9150

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.08.035

Abstract/Summary

Objective: An exaggerated postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) response is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease risk. With increased recognition of the role of leptin in systemic macronutrient metabolism, we used a candidate gene approach to examine the impact of the common leptin receptor (LEPR) Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) on postprandial lipaemia. Methods and results: Healthy adults (n ¼ 251) underwent a sequential meal postprandial investigation, in which blood samples were taken at regular intervals after a test breakfast (t ¼ 0) and lunch (t ¼ 330 min). Fasting total- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were 9% lower in the ArgArg than GlnArg group (P < 0.04), whereas fasting TAG was 27% lower in the ArgArg than GlnGln group (P < 0.02). The magnitude of the postprandial TAG response was also significantly lower in the ArgArg compared with the GlnArg and GlnGln genotypes, with a 26% lower area under the curve (AUC) and incremental AUC in the ArgArg individuals (P � 0.023). Genotype*gender interactions were evident for fasting and postprandial TAG responses (P < 0.05), with the genotype effect only evident in males. Regression analysis indicated that the LEPR genotype and genotype*gender interactions were independent predictors of the TAG AUC, accounting for 6.3% of the variance. Our main findings were replicated in the independent LIPGENE-Cordoba postprandial cohort of metabolic syndrome subjects (n ¼ 75), with a 52% lower TAG AUC in the ArgArg than GlnGln male subjects (P ¼ 0.018). Conclusion: We report for the first time that the common LEPR Gln223Arg genotype is an important predictor of postprandial TAG in males. The mechanistic basis of these associations remains to be determined.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:29729
Publisher:Elsevier

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