The leptin receptor Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) mediates the postprandial lipaemic response, but only in males.
Jackson, K. G., Delgado-Lista, J., Gill, R., Lovegrove, J. A., Williams, C. M., López-Miranda, J. and Minihane, A. M. (2012) The leptin receptor Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) mediates the postprandial lipaemic response, but only in males. Atherosclerosis, 225 (1). pp. 135-141. ISSN 0021-9150
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.08.035
Objective: An exaggerated postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) response is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease risk. With increased recognition of the role of leptin in systemic macronutrient metabolism, we used a candidate gene approach to examine the impact of the common leptin receptor (LEPR) Gln223Arg polymorphism (rs1137101) on postprandial lipaemia. Methods and results: Healthy adults (n ¼ 251) underwent a sequential meal postprandial investigation, in which blood samples were taken at regular intervals after a test breakfast (t ¼ 0) and lunch (t ¼ 330 min). Fasting total- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were 9% lower in the ArgArg than GlnArg group (P < 0.04), whereas fasting TAG was 27% lower in the ArgArg than GlnGln group (P < 0.02). The magnitude of the postprandial TAG response was also significantly lower in the ArgArg compared with the GlnArg and GlnGln genotypes, with a 26% lower area under the curve (AUC) and incremental AUC in the ArgArg individuals (P � 0.023). Genotype*gender interactions were evident for fasting and postprandial TAG responses (P < 0.05), with the genotype effect only evident in males. Regression analysis indicated that the LEPR genotype and genotype*gender interactions were independent predictors of the TAG AUC, accounting for 6.3% of the variance. Our main findings were replicated in the independent LIPGENE-Cordoba postprandial cohort of metabolic syndrome subjects (n ¼ 75), with a 52% lower TAG AUC in the ArgArg than GlnGln male subjects (P ¼ 0.018). Conclusion: We report for the first time that the common LEPR Gln223Arg genotype is an important predictor of postprandial TAG in males. The mechanistic basis of these associations remains to be determined.