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Detrimental effect on the gut microbiota of 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds after in vitro gastro-intestinal and fermentative digestion

Brighina, S., Poveda Turrado, C., Restuccia, C., Walton, G., Fallico, B., Oruna-Concha, M. J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7916-1592 and Arena, E. (2021) Detrimental effect on the gut microbiota of 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds after in vitro gastro-intestinal and fermentative digestion. Food Chemistry, 341. 128237. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128237

Abstract/Summary

This study, investigated the stability of dicarbonyl compounds (DCs), 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG), glyoxal (GO) and methylglyoxal (MGO) during simulated gastrointestinal digestion processes and the impact these compounds have on the gut microbiota. DCs pass almost unaltered through the in-vitro gastrointestinal digestion phases (concentration loss: 11% for 3-DG, 24% for GO and MGO) and have an effect on the fermentative digestion process, reducing the total gut bacterial population up to 6 Log10 units. Previous studies have shown no antimicrobial activity for 3-DG, however, for the first time it has been shown that when incubated with faecal bacteria 3-DG strongly depressed this microbial community. The influence of dicarbonyl compounds on the anaerobic fermentation processes was confirmed by the reduced production of short-chain fatty acids. Considering the modern Western diet, characterised by high consumption of ultra-processed foods rich in dicarbonyl compounds, this could lead to a reduction of bacteria important for the microbiome.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:93261
Publisher:Elsevier

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