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Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study

Navas-Carretero, S., San-Cristobal, R., Livingstone, K. M., Celis-Morales, C., Marsaux, C. F., Macready, A. L., Fallaize, R., O’Donovan, C. B., Forster, H., Woolhead, C., Moschonis, G., Lambrinou, C. P., Jarosz, M., Manios, Y., Daniel, H., Gibney, E. R., Brennan, L., Walsh, M. C., Drevon, C. A., Gibney, M. , Saris, W. H. M., Lovegrove, J. A., Mathers, J. C. and Martinez, J. A. (2019) Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 70 (2). pp. 240-253. ISSN 1465-3478

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/09637486.2018.1492524

Abstract/Summary

The objective was to evaluate differences in macronutrient intake and to investigate the possible association between consumption of vegetable protein and the risk of overweight/obesity, within the Food4Me randomised, online intervention. Differences in macronutrient consumption among the participating countries grouped by EU Regions (Western Europe, British Isles, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe) were assessed. Relation of protein intake, within isoenergetic exchange patterns, from vegetable or animal sources with risk of overweight/obesity was assessed through the multivariate nutrient density model and a multivariate-adjusted logistic regression. A total of 2413 subjects who completed the Food4Me screening were included, with self-reported data on age, weight, height, physical activity and dietary intake. As success rates on reducing overweight/obesity are very low, form a public health perspective, the elaboration of policies for increasing intakes of vegetable protein and reducing animal protein and sugars, may be a method of combating overweight/obesity at a population level.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Food Chain and Health
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics (CINN)
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Economic and Social Sciences Division > Food Economics and Marketing (FEM)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Nutrition and Health
ID Code:78383
Uncontrolled Keywords:Food4Me study, macronutrient intake, overweight and obesity, protein quality, vegetable protein
Publisher:Informa Healthcare

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