Accessibility navigation


Items where Division is "Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > NCAS"

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
Group by: Date | Creators/Editors | Item Type | No Grouping
Number of items at this level: 538.

Article

Adamson, D. S., Belcher, S. E., Hoskins, B. J. and Plant, R. S. (2006) Boundary-layer friction in midlatitude cyclone. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 132 (614). pp. 101-124. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1256/qj.04.145

Ajtic, J., Connor, B. J., Lawrence, B. N., Bodeker, G. E., Hoppel, K. W., Rosenfield, J. E. and Heuff, D. N. (2004) Dilution of the Antarctic ozone hole into southern midlatitudes, 1998-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D17). D17107. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2003JD004500

Ajtic, J., Connor, B. J., Randall, C. E., Lawrence, B. N., Bodecker, G. E., Rosenfeld, J. E. and Heuff, D. N. (2003) Antarctic air over New Zealand following vortex breakdown in 1998. Annales Geophysicae, 21 (11). pp. 2175-2183. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-21-2175-2003

Allan, R. (2011) Combining satellite data and models to estimate cloud radiative effect at the surface and in the atmosphere. Meteorological Applications, 18 (3). pp. 324-333. ISSN 1469-8080 (special issue: 'Sensing the weather')

Allan, R. (2012) Regime dependent changes in global precipitation. Climate Dynamics, 39 (3-4). pp. 827-840. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1134-x

Allan, R. (2012) The role of water vapour in Earth’s energy flows. Surveys in Geophysics, 33 (3-4). pp. 557-564. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-011-9157-8 (special issue: Observing and Modeling Earth's Energy Flows)

Allan, R. P. (2011) Human influence on rainfall. Nature, 470 (7334). pp. 344-345. ISSN 0028-0836 doi: 10.1038/470344a

Allan, R. P. and Liepert, B. G. (2010) Anticipated changes in the global atmospheric water cycle. Environmental Research Letters, 5 (2). 025201. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/025201

Allan, R. P., Liu, C., Zahn, M., Lavers, D. A., Koukouvagias, E. and Bodas-Salcedo, A. (2014) Physically consistent responses of the global atmospheric hydrological cycle in models and observations. Surveys in Geophysics, 35 (3). pp. 533-552. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9213-z

Allan, R. P., Soden, B. J., John, V. O., Ingram, W. and Good, P. (2010) Current changes in tropical precipitation. Environmental Research Letters, 5 (2). 025205. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/025205

Allan, R. P., Woodage, M. J., Milton, S. F., Brooks, M. E. and Haywood, J. M. (2011) Examination of long-wave radiative bias in general circulation models over North Africa during May–July. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137 (658). pp. 1179-1192. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.717

Allan, R.P. and John, V.O. (2009) Monitoring changes in precipitation and radiative energy using satellite data and climate models. Proceedings of the 2009 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, P.55. S6, 37. ISSN 1011-3932

Allan, R.P. and Zveryaev, I.I. (2011) Variability in the summer season hydrological cycle over the Atlantic-Europe region 1979-2007. International Journal of Climatology, 31 (3). pp. 337-348. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.2070

Allison, L. C., Johnson, H. L. and Marshall, D. P. (2011) Spin-up and adjustment of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and global pycnocline. Journal of Marine Research, 69 (2-3). pp. 167-189. ISSN 1543-9542 doi: 10.1357/002224011798765330

Allison, L. C., Johnson, H. L., Marshall, D. P. and Munday, D. R. (2010) Where do winds drive the Antarctic Circumpolar Current? Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L12605. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL043355

Amezcua, J., Kalnay, E. and Williams, P. D. (2011) The effects of the RAW filter on the climatology and forecast skill of the SPEEDY model. Monthly Weather Review, 139 (2). pp. 608-619. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/2010MWR3530.1

Andrews, T., Forster, P. M. and Gregory, J. M. (2009) A surface energy perspective on climate change. Journal of Climate, 22 (10). pp. 2557-2570. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2759.1

Aplin, K. L. and Williams, P. D. (2011) Meteorological phenomena in Western classical orchestral music. Weather, 66 (11). pp. 300-306. ISSN 1477-8696 doi: 10.1002/wea.765

Aplin, K. L. and Williams, P. D. (2012) Whether weather affects music. EOS Transactions, 93 (36). p. 347. ISSN 0096-3941 doi: 10.1029/2012EO360007

Arnold, N. E., Cook, P. A., Robinson, T. R., Lester, M., Chapman, P. J. and Mitchell, N. (2003) Comparison of D-region Doppler drift winds measured by the SuperDARN Finland HF radar over an annual cycle using the Kiruna VHF meteor radar. Annales Geophysicae, 21 (10). pp. 2073-2082. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-21-2073-2003

Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Rosenzweig, C., Jones, J. W., Hatfield, J. L., Ruane, A. C., Boote, K. J., Thorburn, P. J., Rötter, R. P., Cammarano, D., Brisson, N., Basso, B., Martre, P., Aggarwal, P. K., Angulo, C., Bertuzzi, P., Biernath, C., Challinor, A. J., Doltra, J., Gayler, S., Goldberg, R., Grant, R., Heng, L., Hooker, J., Hunt, L. A., Ingwersen, J., Izaurralde, R. C., Kersebaum, K. C., Müller, C., Naresh Kumar, S., Nendel, C., O’Leary, G., Olesen, J. E., Osborne, T., Palosuo, T., Priesack, E., Ripoche, D., Semenov, M. A., Shcherbak, I., Steduto, P., Stöckle, C., Stratonovitch, P., Streck, T., Supit, I., Tao, F., Travasso, M., Waha, K., Wallach, D., White, J. W., Williams, J. R. and Wolf, J. (2013) Uncertainty in simulating wheat yields under climate change. Nature Climate Change. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate1916

Ba, J., Keenlyside, N. S., Park, W., Latif, M., Hawkins, E. and Ding, H. (2013) A mechanism for Atlantic multidecadal variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Climate Dynamics, 41 (7-8). pp. 2133-2144. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1633-4

Baker, A. , Asrat, A., Fairchild, I., Leng, M., Thomas, L. , Widmann, M., Jex, C. , Dong, B., Calsteren, P. v. and Bryant, C. (2010) Decadal-scale rainfall variability in Ethiopia recorded in an annually laminated, Holocene-age, stalagmite. Holocene, 20 (6). pp. 827-836. ISSN 0959-6836 doi: 10.1177/0959683610365934

Baker, I., Denning, A. S., Hanan, N., Prihodko, L., Uliasz, M., Vidale, P. L., Davis, K. and Bakwin, P. (2003) Simulated and observed fluxes of sensible and latent heat and CO2 at the WLEF-TV tower using SiB2.5. Global Change Biology, 9 (9). pp. 1262-1277. ISSN 1365-2486 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00671.x

Balan Sarojini, B. and Von Storch, J.-S. (2009) Effects of fluctuating daily surface fluxes on the time-mean oceanic circulation. Climate Dynamics, 33 (1). pp. 1-18. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: DOI:10.1007/s00382-009-0575-y

Balan Sarojini, B., Gregory, J., Tailleux, R., Bigg, G.R., Blaker, A.T., Cameron, D.R., Edwards, N.R., Megann, A.P., Shaffrey, L. and Sinha, B. (2011) High frequency variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Ocean Science, 7 (4). pp. 471-486. ISSN 1812-0784 doi: 10.5194/os-7-471-2011

Balan Sarojini, B., Gregory, J. M., Tailleux, R., Bigg, G.R., Blaker, A.T., Cameron, D., Edwards, N.R., Megann, A.P., Shaffrey, L. C. and Sinha, B. (2011) High frequency variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Ocean Science Discussion, 8. pp. 219-246. ISSN 1812-0784 doi: 10.5194/osd-8-219-2011

Balan Sarojini, B., Stott, P. A., Black, E. and Polson, D. (2012) Fingerprints of changes in annual and seasonal precipitation from CMIP5 models over land and ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 ( ). L21706. ISSN 1944–8007 doi: 10.1029/2012GL053373

Ballarotta, M., Drijfhout, S., Kuhlbrodt, T. and Döös, K. (2013) The residual circulation of the Southern Ocean: which spatio-temporal scales are needed? Ocean modelling, 64. pp. 46-55. ISSN 1463-5003 doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.01.005

Banks, H. T., Wood, R. A. and Gregory, J. M. (2002) Changes to Indian Ocean subantarctic mode water in a coupled climate model as CO2 forcing increases. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32 (10). pp. 2816-2827. ISSN 0022-3670 doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<2816:CTIOSM>2.0.CO;2

Banks, H. T., Wood, R. A., Gregory, J. M., Johns, T. C. and Jones, G. S. (2000) Are observed decadal changes in intermediate water masses a signature of anthropogenic climate change? Geophysical Research Letters, 27 (18). pp. 2961-2964. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2000GL011601

Barber, C.R., Allan, R.P. and Ringer, M. (2009) Observations of changes in marine boundary layer clouds. Proceedings of the 2009 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, P.55. S6, 25. ISSN 1011-3932

Bell, C. J., Gray, L. J., Charlton-Perez, A. J., Joshi, M. M. and Scaife, A. A. (2009) Stratospheric communication of El Nino teleconnections to European winter. Journal of Climate, 22 (15). pp. 4083-4096. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2717.1

Bell, R. , Strachan, J., Vidale, P. L., Hodges, K. and Roberts, M. (2013) Response of tropical cyclones to idealized climate change experiments in a global high resolution coupled general circulation model. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00749.1

Berckmans, J., Woollings, T., Demory, M.-E., Vidale, P.-L. and Roberts, M. (2013) Atmospheric blocking in a high resolution climate model: influences of mean state, orography and eddy forcing. Atmospheric Science Letters, 14 (1). pp. 34-40. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl2.412

Berrisford, P., Kållberg, P., Kobayashi, S., Dee, D., Uppala, S., Simmons, A. J., Poli, P. and Sato, H. (2011) Atmospheric conservation properties in ERA-Interim. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137 (659). pp. 1381-1399. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.864

Black, E., Mithen, S., Hoskins, B. and Cornforth, R. (2010) Water and society: past, present and future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368 (1931). pp. 5107-5110. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0216

Black, E. C. L. (2009) The impact of climate change on daily precipitation statistics for Jordan and Israel. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10 (3). pp. 192-200. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl.233

Black, E. C. L., Brayshaw, D. J. and Rambeau, C. M. C. (2010) Past, present and future precipitation in the Middle East: insights from models and observations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368 (1931). pp. 5173-5184. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0199

Blackburn, M. and Hoskins, B. J. (2013) Context and aims of the Aqua-Planet Experiment. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 91A. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2186-9057 doi: 10.2151/jmsj.2013-A01

Blackburn, M., Williamson, D. L., Nakajima, K., Ohfuchi, W., Takahashi, Y. O., Hayashi, Y.-Y., Nakamura, H., Ishiwatari, M., McGregor, J. L., Borth, H., Wirth, V., Frank, H., Bechtold, P., Wedi, N. P., Tomita, H., Satoh, M., Zhao, M., Held, I. M., Suarez, M. J., Lee, M.-I., Watanabe, M., Kimoto, M., Liu, Y., Wang, Z., Molod, A., Rajendran, K., Kitoh, A. and Stratton, R. (2013) The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): CONTROL SST Simulation. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 91A. pp. 17-56. ISSN 2186-9057 doi: 10.2151/jmsj.2013-A02

Booth, B. B. B., Bernie, D., McNeall, D., Hawkins, E., Caesar, J., Boulton, C., Friedlingstein, P. and Sexton, D. M. H. (2013) Scenario and modelling uncertainty in global mean temperature change derived from emission-driven global climate models. Earth System Dynamics, 4 (1). pp. 95-108. ISSN 2190-4987 doi: 10.5194/esd-4-95-2013

Bouttes, N., Gregory, J.M. and Lowe, J.A. (2013) The reversibility of sea level rise. Journal of Climate, 26 (8). pp. 2502-2513. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00285.1

Bouttes, N., Gregory, J.M., Kuhlbrodt, T. and Suzuki, T. (2012) The effect of windstress change on future sea level change in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (23). L23602. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL054207

Bouttes, N., Paillard, D. and Roche, D. (2010) Impact of brine-induced stratification on the glacial carbon cycle. Climate of the Past, 6 (5). pp. 575-589. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-6-575-2010

Bouttes, N., Paillard, D., Roche, D. M., Brovkin, V. and Bopp, L. (2011) Last Glacial Maximum CO2 and δ13C successfully reconciled. Geophysical Research Letters. L02705. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL044499

Bouttes, N., Paillard, D., Roche, D.M., Waelbroeck, C., Kageyama, M., Lourantou, A., Michel, E. and Bopp, L. (2012) Impact of oceanic processes on the carbon cycle during the last termination. Climate of the Past, 8 (1). pp. 149-170. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-8-149-2012

Bouttes, N., Roche, D.M. and Paillard, D. (2009) Impact of strong deep ocean stratification on the glacial carbon cycle. Paleoceanography, 24 (PA3203). ISSN 1944-9186 doi: 10.1029/2008PA001707

Bouttes, N., Roche, D.M. and Paillard, D. (2012) Systematic study of the impact of fresh water fluxes on the glacial carbon cycle. Climate of the Past, 8 (2). pp. 589-607. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-8-589-2012

Boyd, E., Cornforth, R. J., Lamb, P. J., Tarhule, A. , Lélé, M. I. and Brouder, A. (2013) Building resilience in the face of recurring environmental crisis in African Sahel. Nature Climate Change, 3 (7). pp. 631-637. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate1856

Bracegirdle, T. J., Shuckburgh, E., Sallee, J.-B., Wang, Z., Meijers, A. J. S., Bruneau, N., Phillips, T. and Wilcox, L. (2013) Assessment of surface winds over the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean sectors of the Southern Ocean in CMIP5 models: historical bias, forcing response, and state dependence. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118 (2). pp. 547-562. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50153

Brayshaw, D., Dent, C. and Zachary, S. (2012) Wind generation's contribution to supporting peak electricity demand: meteorological insights. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, 226 (1). pp. 44-50. ISSN 1748-0078 doi: 10.1177/1748006X11417503

Brayshaw, D., Hoskins, B. and Blackburn, M. (2011) The basic ingredients of the North Atlantic Storm Track. Part II: Sea surface temperatures. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (8). pp. 1784-1805. ISSN 0022-4928 doi: 10.1175/2011JAS3674.1

Brayshaw, D. J., Hoskins, B. and Black, E. (2010) Some physical drivers of changes in the winter storm tracks over the North Atlantic and Mediterranean during the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368 (1931). pp. 5185-5223. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0180

Brayshaw, D. J., Hoskins, B. J. and Blackburn, M. (2009) The basic ingredients of the North Atlantic storm track. Part I: land-sea contrast and orography. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (9). pp. 2539-2558. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3078.1

Brayshaw, D. J., Rambeau, C. M. C. and Smith, S. J. (2011) Changes in the Mediterranean climate during the Holocene: insights from global and regional climate modelling. Holocene, 21 (1). pp. 15-31. ISSN 0959-6836 doi: 10.1177/0959683610377528

Brayshaw, D. J., Troccoli, A., Fordham, R. and Methven, J. (2011) The impact of large scale atmospheric circulation patterns on wind power generation and its potential predictability: a case study over the UK. Renewable Energy, 36 (8). pp. 2087-2096. ISSN 0960-1481 doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.01.025

Brayshaw, D. J., Woollings, T. J. and Vellinga, M. (2009) Tropical and extratropical responses of the North Atlantic atmospheric circulation to a sustained weakening of the MOC. Journal of Climate, 22 (11). pp. 3146-3155. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: DOI:10.1175/2008JCLI2594.1

Brown, J. N., Fedorov, A. V. and Guilyardi, E. (2011) How well do coupled models replicate ocean energetics relevant to ENSO? Climate Dynamics, 36 (11-12). pp. 2147-2158. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0926-8

Bulgin, C. E., Palmer, P.I., Thomas, G.E., Arnold, C.P.G., Campmany, E., Carboni, E., Grainger, R.G., Poulsen, C., Siddans, R. and Lawrence, B. (2008) Regional and seasonal variations of the Twomey indirect effect as observed by the ATSR-2 satellite instrument. Geophysical Research Letters, 35. L02811. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2007GL031394

Bush, S. J., Turner, A. G., Woolnough, S. J., Martin, G. M. and Klingaman, N. P. (2014) The effect of increased convective entrainment on Asian monsoon biases in the MetUM General Circulation Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2371

Bushell, A. C., Jackson, D. R., Butchart, N., Hardiman, S. C., Hinton, T. J., Osprey, S. M. and Gray, L. J. (2010) Sensitivity of GCM tropical middle atmosphere variability and climate to ozone and parametrized gravity wave changes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. D15101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JD013340

Challinor, A., Osborne, T. M., Morse, A., Shaffrey, L. C., Wheeler, T. R., Weller, H. and Vidale, P. L. (2009) Methods and resources for climate impacts research: achieving synergy. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (6). pp. 836-848. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2403.1

Charlton-Perez, A., Baldwin, M. P., Birner, T., Black, R. X., Butler, A. H., Calvo, N., Davis, N. A., Gerber, E. P., Gillett, N., Hardiman, S., Kim, J., Krüger, K., Lee, Y.-Y., Manzini, E., McDaniel, B. A., Polvani, L., Reichler, T., Shaw, T. A., Sigmond, M., Son, S.-W., Toohey, M., Wilcox, L., Yoden, S., Christiansen, B., Lott, F., Shindell, D., Yukimoto, S. and Watanabe, S. (2013) On the lack of stratospheric dynamical variability in low-top versions of the CMIP5 models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (6). pp. 2494-2505. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50125

Charlton-Perez, A. J., Hawkins, E., Eyring, V., Cionni, I., Bodeker, G. E., Kinnison, D. E., Akiyoshi, H., Frith, S. M., Garcia, R., Gettelman, A., Lamarque, J. F., Nakamura, T., Pawson, S., Yamashita, Y., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Chipperfield, M. P., Dhomse, S., Marchand, M., Mancini, E., Morgenstern, O., Pitari, G., Plummer, D., Pyle, J. A., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J., Shibata, K., Shepherd, T. G., Tian, W. and Waugh, D. W. (2010) The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (19). pp. 9473-9486. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-10-9473-2010

Chen, W., Dong, B. and Lu, R. (2010) Impact of the Atlantic Ocean on the multidecadal fluctuation of El Nino–Southern Oscillation–South Asian monsoon relationship in a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. D17109. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JD013596

Chen, W., Park, J.-K., Dong, B., Lu, R. and Jung, W.-S. (2012) The relationship between El Niño and the western North Pacific summer climate in a coupled GCM: role of the transition of El Niño decaying phases. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (D12111). ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2011JD017385

Church, J. A., Gregory, J. M., White, N. J., Platten, S. M. and Mitrovica, J. X. (2011) Understanding and projecting sea level change. Oceanography, 24 (2). pp. 130-143. ISSN 1042-8275

Church, J. A., White, N. J., Konikow, L. F., Domingues, C. M., Cogley, J. G., Rignot, E., Gregory, J. M., Van den Broeke, M. R., Monaghan, A. J. and Velicogna, I. (2011) Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L18601. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL048794

Cnossen, I., Lu, H., Bell, C. J., Gray, L. and Joshi, M. (2011) Solar signal propagation: the role of gravity waves and stratospheric sudden warmings. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116. D02118. ISSN 2156–2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JD014535

Coceal, O., Goulart, E. V., Branford, S., Thomas, T. G. and Belcher, S. E. (2014) Flow structure and near-field dispersion in arrays of building-like obstacles. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 125. pp. 52-68. ISSN 0167-6105 doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2013.11.013

Cole, J. A., Slade, S., Jones, P. D. and Gregory, J. M. (1991) Reliable yield of reservoirs and possible effects of climatic change. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 36 (6). pp. 579-598. ISSN 0262-6667 doi: 10.1080/02626669109492545

Collins, M., AchutaRao, K., Ashok, K., Bhandari, S., Karumuri, A., Mitra, A., Prakash, S., Srivistava, R. and Turner, A. (2013) Observational challenges in evaluating climate models. Nature Climate Change, 3. pp. 940-941. ISSN 1758-6798 doi: 10.1038/nclimate2012

Collins, M., An, S.-I., Cai, W., Ganachaud, A., Guilyardi, E., Jin, F.-F., Jochum, M., Lengaigne, M., Power, S., Timmermann, A., Vecchi, G. and Wittenberg, A. (2010) The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Niño. Nature Geoscience, 3 (6). pp. 391-397. ISSN 1752-0894 doi: DOI:10.1038/ngeo868

Connolly, P. J., Vaughan, G., Cook, P., Allen, G., Coe, H., Choularton, T. W., Dearden, C. and Hill, A. (2013) Modelling the effects of gravity waves on stratocumulus clouds observed during VOCALS-UK. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13 (14). pp. 7133-7152. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-13-7133-2013

Cook, P. A. and Roscoe, H. K. (2011) Changes in reactive stratospheric gases due to a change in Brewer–Dobson circulation: results from a simple model. Atmospheric Science Letters, 13 (1). pp. 49-54. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl.362

Cook, P. A. and Roscoe, H. K. (2009) Variability and trends in stratospheric NO2 in Antarctic summer, and implications for stratospheric NOy. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9 (11). pp. 3601-3612. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-9-3601-2009

Cook, P. A., de Oliveira, C. R. E., Haigh, J. D. and Goddard, A. J. (2004) A finite element-spherical harmonics model for radiative transfer in inhomogeneous clouds. Part II. some applications. Atmospheric Research, 72 (1-4). pp. 223-237. ISSN 0169-8059 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.03.021

Cornforth, R. (2012) Overview of the West African monsoon 2011. Weather, 67 (3). pp. 59-65. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1002/wea.1896

Cornforth, R. (2013) Weathering drought in Africa. Appropriate Technology, 40 (2). pp. 26-28. ISSN 1751-6900

Cornforth, R. J. (2013) West African monsoon 2012. Weather, 68 (10). pp. 256-263. ISSN 1477-8696 doi: 10.1002/wea.2161

Coughlin, K. and Gray, L. J. (2009) A continuum of sudden stratospheric warmings. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (2). pp. 531-540. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2792.1

Custódio, M. d. S., Rocha, R. P. and Vidale, P. L. (2012) Analysis of precipitation climatology simulated by high resolution coupled global models over the South America. Hydrological Research Letters, 6. pp. 92-97. ISSN 1882-3416 doi: 10.3178/hrl.6.92

Daleu, C. L., Woolnough, S. and Plant, R. S. (2012) Cloud-resolving model simulations with one and two-way couplings via the weak-temperature gradient approximation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69 (12). pp. 3683-3699. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-058.1

Dall’Amico , M., Stott, P. A., Scaife, A. A., Gray, L. J., Rosenlof, K. H. and Karpechko, A. Y. (2010) Impact of stratospheric variability on tropospheric climate change. Climate Dynamics, 34 (2-3). pp. 399-417. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0580-1

Dall’Amico, M., Gray, L. J., Rosenlof, K. H., Scaife, A. A., Shine, K. P. and Stott, P. A. (2010) Stratospheric temperature trends: impact of ozone variability and the QBO. Climate Dynamics, 34 (2-3). p. 381. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0604-x

Dalu, G. A., Pielke, R. A., Vidale, P. L. and Baldi, M. (2000) Heat transport and weakening of atmospheric stability induced by mesoscale flows. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105 (D7). pp. 9349-9363. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/1999JD901064

Dawson, A., Matthews, A. J., Stevens, D. P., Roberts, M. J. and Vidale, P. L. (2013) Importance of oceanic resolution and mean state on the extra-tropical response to El Niño in a matrix of coupled models. Climate Dynamics, 41 (5-6). pp. 1439-1452. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1518-6

Day, J. J., Bamber, J. L., Valdes, P. J. and Kohler, J. (2012) The impact of a seasonally ice free Arctic Ocean on the temperature, precipitation and surface mass balance of Svalbard. The Cryosphere, 6. pp. 35-50. ISSN 1994-0424 doi: 10.5194/tc-6-35-2012

Day, J. J., Hargreaves, J. C., Annan, J. D. and Abe-Ouchi, A. (2012) Sources of multi-decadal variability in Arctic sea ice extent. Environmental Research Letters, 7 (3). 034011. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034011

Day, J. J., Tietsche, S. and Hawkins, E. (2014) Pan-Arctic and regional sea ice predictability: initialization month dependence. Journal of Climate, 27 (12). pp. 4371-4390. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00614.1

Dean, S. M., Flowerdew, J., Lawrence, B. N. and Eckermann, S. D. (2007) Parameterisation of orographic cloud dynamics in a GCM. Climate Dynamics, 28 (6). pp. 581-597. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0202-0

Dean, S., Lawrence, B.N., Grainger, R. and Heuff, D. (2005) Orographic cloud in a GCM: the missing cirrus. Climate Dynamics, 24 (7). pp. 771-780. ISSN 0930-7575

Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M., McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N. and Vitart, F. (2011) The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137 (656). pp. 553-597. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.828 (Part A)

Dee, D., Berrisford, P., Bosilovich, M. G., Chelliah, M., Compo, G., Ebita, A., Jones, P. D., Kobayashi, S., Kumar, A., Rutledge, G., Saha, S., Sato, H., Simmons, A., Smith, C. and Vose, R. (2011) [Temperature] The use of reanalysis data for monitoring the state of the climate [in "State of the Climate in 2010"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92 (6). S34-S35. ISSN 1520-0477

Delrieu, G., Boudevillain, B., Nicol, J., Chapon, B., Kirstetter, P.-E., Andrieu, H. and Faure, D. (2009) Bollène-2002 experiment: radar quantitative precipitation estimation in the Cévennes–Vivarais region, France. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48 (7). pp. 1422-1447. ISSN 1558-8424 doi: 10.1175/2008JAMC1987.1

Demory, M.-E., Vidale, P. L., Roberts, M. J., Berrisford, P., Strachan, J., Schiemann, R. and Mizielinski, M. S. (2013) The role of horizontal resolution in simulating drivers of the global hydrological cycle. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1924-4 (In Press)

Denning, A. S., Nicholls, M., Prihodko, L., Baker, I., Vidale, P. L., Davis, K. and Bakwin, P. (2003) Simulated variations in atmospheric CO2 over a Wisconsin forest using a coupled ecosystem-atmosphere model. Global Change Biology, 9 (9). pp. 1241-1250. ISSN 1365-2486 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00613.x

Diro, G. T., Grimes, D. I. F. and Black, E. (2011) Teleconnections between Ethiopian summer rainfall and sea surface temperature: part II. Seasonal forecasting. Climate Dynamics, 37 (1-2). pp. 121-131. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0896-x

Diro, G. T., Grimes, D. I. F. and Black, E. (2011) Teleconnections between Ethiopian summer rainfall and sea surface temperature: part I. Observation and modelling. Climate Dynamics, 37 (1-2). pp. 103-119. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0837-8

Diro, G. T., Grimes, D.I.F., Black, E., O'Neill, A. and Pardo-Iguzquiza, E. (2009) Evaluation of reanalysis rainfall estimates over Ethiopia. International Journal of Climatology, 29 (1). pp. 67-78. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1699

Dong, B. and Lu, R. (2013) Interdecadal enhancement of the Walker circulation over the Tropical Pacific in the late 1990s. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30 (2). pp. 247-262. ISSN 1861-9533 doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2069-9

Dong, B., Gregory, J. M. and Sutton, R. T. (2009) Understanding land-sea warming contrast in response to increasing greenhouse gases. Part I: Transient adjustment. Journal of Climate, 22 (11). pp. 3079-3097. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2652.1

Dong, B., Sutton, R. and Shaffrey, L. (2014) The 2013 hot, dry summer in Western Europe. Bulletin of Mathmatical Biology. ISSN 1522-9602 (In Press)

Dong, B., Sutton, R. and Woollings, T. (2013) The extreme European summer 2012. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (9). s28-s32. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00085.1

Dong, B., Sutton, R. T. and Woollings, T. (2011) Changes of interannual NAO variability in response to greenhouse gases forcing. Climate Dynamics, 37 (7-8). pp. 1621-1641. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0936-6

Dong, B., Sutton, R. T., Highwood, E. and Wilcox, L. (2014) The impacts of European and Asian anthropogenic sulphur dioxide emissions on Sahel rainfall. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00769.1 (In Press)

Dong, B., Sutton, R. T., Woollings, T. and Hodges, K. (2013) Variability of the North Atlantic summer storm track: mechanisms and impacts on European climate. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (3). 034037. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034037

Donnadieu, Y., Goddéris, Y. and Bouttes, N. (2009) Exploring the climatic impact of the continental vegetation on the Mezosoic atmospheric CO2 and climate history. Climate of the Past, 5 (1). pp. 85-96. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-5-85-2009

Doutriaux-Boucher, M., Webb, M. J., Gregory, J. M. and Boucher, O. (2009) Carbon dioxide induced stomatal closure increases radiative forcing of climate via a rapid reduction in low cloud. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L02703. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2008GL036273

Durman, C. F., Gregory, J. M., Hassell, D. C., Jones, R. G. and Murphy, J. M. (2001) A comparison of extreme European daily precipitation simulated by a global and a regional climate model for present and future climates. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (573). pp. 1005-1015. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.49712757316

Eby, M., Weaver, A.J., Alexander, K., Zickfeld, K., Abe-Ouchi, A., Cimatoribus, A.A., Crespin, E., Drijfhout, S.S., Edwards, N.R., Eliseev, A.V., Feulner, G., Fichefet, T., Forest, C.E., Goosse, H., Holden, P.B., Joos, F., Kawamiya, M., Kicklighter, D., Kienert, H., Matsumoto, K., Mokhov, I.I., Monier, E., Olsen, S.M., Pedersen, J.O.P., Perrette, M., Philippon-Berthier, G., Ridgwell, A., Schlosser, A., Schneider von Deimling, T., Shaffer, G., Smith, R.S., Spahnill, R., Sokolov, A.P., Steinacher, M., Tachiiri, K., Tokos, K., Yoshimori, M., Zeng, N. and Zhao, F. (2013) Historical and idealized climate model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 9. pp. 1111-1140. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-9-1111-2013

Egea, G., Verhoef, A. and Vidale, P. L. (2011) Towards an improved and more flexible representation of water stress in coupled photosynthesis–stomatal conductance models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151 (10). pp. 1370-1384. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.05.019

Eugster, W., Rouse, W. R., Pielke Sr, R. A., Mcfadden, J. P., Baldocchi, D. D., Kittel, T. G. F., Chapin III, F. S., Liston, G. E., Vidale, P. L., Vaganov, E. and Chambers, S. (2000) Land-atmosphere energy exchange in Arctic tundra and boreal forest: available data and feedbacks to climate. Global Change Biology, 6 (S1). pp. 84-115. ISSN 1365-2486 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06015.x

Field, P. R., Cotton, R. J., McBeath, K., Lock, A. P., Webster, S. and Allan, R. P. (2014) Improving a convection-permitting model simulation of a cold air outbreak. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140 (678). pp. 124-138. ISSN 00359009 doi: 10.1002/qj.2116

Frame, D. J., Lawrence, B. N., Fraser, G. J. and Burrage, M. D. (2000) A comparison between mesospheric wind measurements made near Christchurch (44 S, 173 E) using the high resolution doppler imager (HRDI) and a medium frequency (MF) radar. Annales Geophysicae, 18 (5). pp. 555-565. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.1007/s00585-000-0555-3

Frame, T. H. A., Ambaum, M. H. P., Gray, S. L. J. and Methven, J. (2011) Ensemble prediction of transitions of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137 (658). pp. 1288-1297. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.829

Fraser, G. J., Marsh, S. H., Baggaley, W. J., Bennett, R. G. T., Lawrence, B. N., McDonald, A. J. and Plank, G. E. (2006) Small-scale structures in common-volume meteor wind measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 68 (3-5). pp. 317-322. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2005.03.016

Frei, C., Christensen, J.H., Déqué, M., Jacob, D., Jones, R.G. and Vidale, P. L. (2003) Daily precipitation statistics in regional climate models: evaluation and intercomparison for the European Alps. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (D3). pp. 65-84. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2002JD002287

Frei, C., Schöll , R., Fukutome, S., Schmidli, J. and Vidale, P. L. (2006) Future change of precipitation extremes in Europe: intercomparison of scenarios from regional climate mode. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111. D06105. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2005JD005965

Garcia Gonzalez, R., Verhoef, A., Vidale, P. L. and Braud, I. (2012) Incorporation of water vapour transfer in the JULES Land Surface Model: implications for key soil variables and land surface fluxes. Water Resources Research, 48 (5). W05538. ISSN 0043-1397 doi: 10.1029/2011WR011811

Goddard, L., Kumar, A., Solomon, A., Smith, D., Boer, G., Gonzalez, P., Kharin, V., Merryfield, W., Deser, C., Mason, S. J., Kirtman, B. P., Msadek, R., Sutton, R., Hawkins, E., Fricker, T., Hegerl, G., Ferro, C. A. T., Stephenson, D. B., Meehl, G. A., Stockdale, T., Burgman, R., Greene, A. M., Kushnir, Y., Newman, M., Carton, J., Fukumori, I. and Delworth, T. (2013) A verification framework for interannual-to-decadal predictions experiments. Climate Dynamics, 40 (1-2). pp. 245-272. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1481-2

Gordon, C., Cooper, C., Senior, C. A., Banks, H., Gregory, J. M., Johns, T. C., Mitchell, J. F. B. and Wood, R. A. (2000) The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Climate Dynamics, 16 (2-3). pp. 147-168. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820050010

Grant, J., Grainger, R. G., Lawrence, B. N., Fraser, G. J., Von Biel, H. A., Heuff, D. N. and Plank, G. E. (2004) Retrieval of mesospheric electron densities using an optimal estimation inverse method. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66 (5). pp. 381-392. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2003.12.006

Gray, L. J., Rumbold, S. and Shine, K. P. (2009) Stratospheric temperature and radiative forcing response to 11-year solar cycle changes in irradiance and ozone. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (8). 2402-2417 . ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS2866.1

Gray, L.J., Drysdale, E.F., Lawrence, B. N. and Dunkerton, T.J. (2001) Model studies of the interannual variability of the northern-hemisphere stratospheric winter circulation: the role of the quasi-biennial oscillation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (574). pp. 1413-1432. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.49712757416

Gregory, J. M. (2010) Long-term effect of volcanic forcing on ocean heat content. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L22701. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL045507

Gregory, J. M. (1993) Sea level changes under increasing atmospheric CO2 in a transient coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM experiment. Journal of Climate, 6 (12). pp. 2247-2262. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<2247:SLCUIA>2.0.CO;2

Gregory, J. M. (2000) Vertical heat transports in the ocean and their effect on time-dependent climate change. Climate Dynamics, 16 (7). pp. 501-515. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820000059

Gregory, J. M. and Church, J. A. (2002) Changes in sea-level. Weather, 57 (8). pp. 287-295. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1256/004316502320517380

Gregory, J. M. and Dowrick, N. J. (1993) The Sverdrup relation generalized to include bottom topography and friction — a new derivation and correction to Fofonoff. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23 (8). pp. 1867-1869. ISSN 0022-3670 doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<1867:TSRGTI>2.0.CO;2

Gregory, J. M. and Lowe, J. A. (2000) Predictions of global and regional sea-level rise using AOGCMs with and without flux adjustment. Geophysical Research Letters, 27 (19). pp. 3069-3072. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/1999GL011228

Gregory, J. M. and Mitchell, J. F. B. (1995) Simulation of daily variability of surface temperature and precipitation over Europe in the current and 2 x COz climates using the UKMO climate model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 121 (526). pp. 1451-1476. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.49712152611

Gregory, J. M. and Mitchell, J. F. B. (1997) The climate response to CO2 of the Hadley Centre coupled AOGCM with and without flux adjustment. Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (15). pp. 1943-1946. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/97GL01930

Gregory, J. M. and Oerlemans, J. (1998) Simulated future sea-level rise due to glacier melt based on regionally and seasonally resolved temperature changes. Nature, 391. pp. 474-476. ISSN 0028-0836 doi: 10.1038/35119

Gregory, J. M. and Tailleux, R. (2011) Kinetic energy analysis of the response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to CO2-forced climate change. Climate Dynamics, 37 (5-6). pp. 893-914. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0847-6

Gregory, J. M. and Tailleux, R. (2011) Kinetic energy analysis of the response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to CO2-forced climate change. Climate Dynamics, 37 (5-6). pp. 893-914. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0847-6

Gregory, J. M., Church, J. A., Boer, G. J., Dixon, K. W., Flato, G. M., Jackett, D. R., Lowe, J. A., O'Farrell, S. P., Roeckner, E., Russell, G. L., Stouffer, R. J. and Winton, M. (2001) Comparison of results from several AOGCMs for global and regional sea-level change 1900-2100. Climate Dynamics, 18 (3-4). pp. 225-240. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820100180

Gregory, J. M., Jones, C. D., Cadule, P. and Friedlingstein, P. (2009) Quantifying carbon-cycle feedbacks. Journal of Climate, 22 (19). pp. 5232-5250. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2949.1

Gregory, J. M., Jones, P. D. and Wigley, T. M. L. (1991) Precipitation in Britain: an analysis of area-average data updated to 1989. International Journal of Climatology, 11 (3). pp. 331-345. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.3370110308

Gregory, J. M., Mitchell, J. F. B. and Brady, A. J. (1997) Summer drought in northern midlatitudes in a time-dependent CO2 climate experiment. Journal of Climate, 10 (4). pp. 662-686. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0662:SDINMI>2.0.CO;2

Gregory, J. M., Stott, P. A., Cresswell, D. J., Rayner, N. A., Gordon, C. and Sexton, D. M. H. (2002) Recent and future changes in Arctic sea ice simulated by the HadCM3 AOGCM. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (24). 2175. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2001GL014575

Gregory, J. M., Stouffer, R. J., Raper, S. C. B., Stott, P. A. and Rayner, N. A. (2002) An observationally based estimate of the climate sensitivity. Journal of Climate, 15 (22). pp. 3117-3121. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3117:AOBEOT>2.0.CO;2

Gregory, J. M., Tett, S. F. B. and Hibling, E. L. (2000) Camelot – a database for climate model output. Meteorological Applications, 7 (1). pp. 83-90. ISSN 1469-8080 doi: 10.1017/S1350482700001444

Gregory, J. M., Wigley, T. M. L. and Jones, P. D. (1993) Application of Markov models to area-average daily precipitation series and interannual variability in seasonal totals. Climate Dynamics, 8 (6). pp. 299-310. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/BF00209669

Gregory, J. M., Wigley, T. M. L. and Jones, P. D. (1992) Determining and interpreting the order of a two-state Markov chain: application to models of daily precipitation. Water Resources Research, 28 (5). pp. 1443-1446. ISSN 0043-1397 doi: 10.1029/92WR00477

Guemas, V., Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E., Chevallier, M., Day, J. J., Déqué, M., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., Fučkar, N., Germe, A., Hawkins, E., Keeley, S., Koenigk, T., Salas y Mélia, D. and Tietsche, S. (2014) A review on Arctic sea ice predictability and prediction on seasonal-to-decadal timescales. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2401 (In Press)

Guilyardi, E., Balaji, V., Callaghan, S., DeLuca, C., Devine, G., Denvil, S., Ford, R., Pascoe, C., Lautenschlager, M., Lawrence, B. N., Steenman-Clark, L. and Valcke, S. (2011) The CMIP5 model and simulation documentation: a new standard for climate modelling metadata. CLIVAR Exchanges, 56: 16 (2). pp. 42-46. ISSN 1026-0471

Guilyardi, E., Braconnot, P., Jin, F. -F., Kim, S. T., Kolasinski, M., Li, T. and Musat, I. (2009) Atmosphere feedbacks during ENSO in a coupled GCM with a modified atmospheric convection scheme. Journal of Climate, 22 (21). pp. 5698-5718. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2815.1

Guilyardi, E., Gualdi, S., Slingo, J., Navarra, A., Delecluse, P., Cole, J., Madec, G., Roberts, M., Latif, M. and Terray, L. (2004) Representing El Niño in coupled ocean–atmosphere GCMs: the dominant role of the atmospheric component. Journal of Climate, 17 (24). pp. 4623-4629. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-3260.1

Guilyardi, E., Wittenberg, A., Fedorov, A., Collins, M., Wang, C., Capotondi, A., van Oldenborgh, G. J. and Stockdale, T. (2009) Understanding El Niño in ocean-atmosphere general circulation models: progress and challenges. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (3). pp. 325-340. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: DOI:10.1175/2008BAMS2387.1

Guo, L., Highwood, E., Shaffrey, L. and Turner, A. (2013) The effect of regional changes in anthropogenic aerosols on rainfall of the East Asian summer monsoon. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13. pp. 1521-1534. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-13-1521-2013

Hagemann, S., Machenhauer, B., Jones, R., Christensen, O. B., Déqué, M., Jacob, D. and Vidale, P. L. (2004) Evaluation of water and energy budgets in regional climate models applied over Europe. Climate Dynamics, 23 (5). pp. 547-567. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0444-7

Hagemann, S., Machenhauer, B., Jones, R., Christensen, O. B., Déqué, M., Jacob, D. and Vidale, P. L. (2004) Evaluation of water and energy budgets in regional climate models applied over Europe. Climate Dynamics, 23 (5). pp. 547-567. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0444-7

Haines, K., Hermanson, K. L., Liu, C. L., Putt, D., Sutton, R. T., Iwi, A. and Smith, D. (2009) Decadal climate prediction (project GCEP). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 925-937. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0178

Hannachi, A. and Turner, A.G. (2013) Isomap nonlinear dimensionality reduction and bimodality of Asian monsoon convection. Geophysical Research Letters, 40. ISSN 1944-8007 doi: 10.1002/grl.50351

Hannachi, A., Mitchell, D., Gray, L. and Charlton-Perez, A. (2011) On the use of geometric moments to examine the continuum of sudden stratospheric warmings. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (3). pp. 657-674. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2010JAS3585.1

Hannachi, A. and Dommenget , D. (2009) Is the Indian Ocean SST variability a homogeneous diffusion process. Climate Dynamics, 33 (4). pp. 535-547. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: DOI:10.1007/s00382-008-0512-5

Hannachi, A. and Turner, A. G. (2013) 20th century intraseasonal Asian monsoon dynamics viewed from Isomap. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 20 (5). pp. 725-741. ISSN 1607-7946 doi: 10.5194/npg-20-725-2013

Hannachi, A., Unkel , S., Trendafilov, N. T. and Jolliffe , I. T. (2009) Independent component analysis of climate data: A new look at EOF rotation. Journal of Climate, 22 (11). pp. 2797-2812. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: DOI:10.1175/2008JCLI2571.1

Hardiman, S. C., Butchart, N., Osprey, S. M., Gray, L. J., Bushell, A. C. and Hinton, T. J. (2010) The climatology of the middle atmosphere in a vertically extended version of the Met Office's climate model. Part I: mean state. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (5). pp. 1509-1525. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3337.1

Harvey, B., Shaffrey, L. and Woollings, T. (2013) Equator-to-pole temperature differences and the extra-tropical storm track responses of the CMIP5 climate models. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1883-9

Harvey, B. J., Shaffrey, L. C., Woollings, T. J., Zappa, G. and Hodges, K. I. (2012) How large are projected 21st century storm track changes? Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (18). L18707. ISSN 1944–8007 doi: 10.1029/2012GL052873

Hawkins, E. (2011) Our evolving climate: communicating the effects of climate variability. Weather, 66 (7). pp. 175-179. ISSN 1477-8696 doi: 10.1002/wea.761

Hawkins, E. and Jones, P. D. (2013) On increasing global temperatures: 75 years after Callendar. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (677). pp. 1961-1963. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2178

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. (2011) Estimating climatically relevant singular vectors for decadal predictions of the Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 24 (1). pp. 109-123. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3579.1

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. (2012) Time of emergence of climate signals. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (1). L01702. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL050087

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. T. (2009) Decadal predictability of the Atlantic Ocean in a coupled GCM: forecast skill and optimal perturbations using Linear Inverse Modelling. Journal of Climate, 22 (14). pp. 3960-3978. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2720.1

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. T. (2011) The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of regional precipitation change. Climate Dynamics, 37 (1-2). pp. 407-418. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. T. (2009) The potential to narrow uncertainty in regional climate predictions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (8). pp. 1095-1107. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2009BAMS2607.1

Hawkins, E. and Vidale, P. L. (2012) Meteorology: Counting the coming storms. Nature Climate Change, 2 (8). pp. 574-575. ISSN 1758-6798 doi: 10.1038/nclimate1639

Hawkins, E., Dong, B., Robson, J., Sutton, R. and Smith, D. (2014) The interpretation and use of biases in decadal climate predictions. Journal of Climate, 27 (8). pp. 2931-2947. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00473.1

Hawkins, E., Edwards, T. and McNeall, D. (2014) Pause for thought. Nature Climate Change, 4 (3). pp. 154-156. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate2150

Hawkins, E., Fricker, T. E., Challinor, A. J., Ferro, C. A. T., Ho, C. K. and Osborne, T. M. (2013) Increasing influence of heat stress on French maize yields from the 1960s to the 2030s. Global Change Biology, 19 (3). pp. 937-947. ISSN 1365-2486 doi: 10.1111/gcb.12069

Hawkins, E., Osborne, T. M., Ho, C. K. and Challinor, A. J. (2013) Calibration and bias correction of climate projections for crop modelling: an idealised case study over Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 170. pp. 19-31. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.04.007

Hawkins, E., Robson, J., Sutton, R., Smith, D. and Keenlyside, N. (2011) Evaluating the potential for statistical decadal predictions of sea surface temperatures with a perfect model approach. Climate Dynamics, 37 (11-12). pp. 2495-2509. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1023-3

Hawkins, E., Smith, R. S., Allison, L. C., Gregory, J. M., Woollings, T. J., Pohlmann, H. and de Cuevas, B. (2011) Bistability of the Atlantic overturning circulation in a global climate model and links to ocean freshwater transport. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (10). L10605. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL047208

Haywood, J. M., Johnson, B. T., Osborne, S. R., Baran, A. J., Brooks, M., Milton, S. F., Mulcahy, J., Walters, D., Allan, R. P., Klaver, A., Formenti, P., Brindley, H. E., Christopher, S. and Gupta, P. (2011) Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137 (658). pp. 1106-1116. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.797

Hennessy, K. J., Gregory, J. M. and Mitchell, J. F. B. (1997) Changes in daily precipitation under enhanced greenhouse conditions. Climate Dynamics, 13 (9). pp. 667-680. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820050189

Hermanson, L. and Sutton, R. T. (2010) Case studies in interannual to decadal climate predictability. Climate Dynamics, 35 (7-8). pp. 1169-1189. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0672-y

Hermanson, L. and Sutton, R. T. (2009) Climate predictability in the second year. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Part A, 367 (1890). pp. 913-916. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0181

Hirons, L. C. , Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold, P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part I: the representation of the MJO. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1417-1426. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2060

Hirons, L. C., Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold , P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part II: the application of process-based diagnostics. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1427-1444. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2059

Ho, C. K., Hawkins, E., Shaffrey, L. and Underwood, F. M. (2013) Statistical decadal predictions for sea surface temperatures: a benchmark for dynamical GCM predictions. Climate Dynamics, 41 (3-4). pp. 917-935. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1531-9

Ho, C. K., Hawkins, E., Shaffrey, L., Broecker, J., Hermanson, L., Murphy, J. M., Smith, D. M. and Eade, R. (2013) Examining reliability of seasonal to decadal sea surface temperature forecasts: the role of ensemble dispersion. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (21). pp. 5770-5775. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2013GL057630

Ho, C. K., Stephenson, D. B., Collins, M., Ferro, C. A. T. and Brown, S. J. (2012) Calibration strategies: a source of additional uncertainty in climate change projections. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2011BAMS3110.1

Hodson, D. L. R. and Sutton, R. T. (2012) The impact of resolution on the adjustment and decadal variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a coupled climate model. Climate Dynamics, 39 (12). pp. 3057-3073. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1309-0

Hodson, D. L. R., Keeley, S. P. E., West, A., Ridley, J., Hawkins, E. and Hewitt, H. T. (2013) Identifying uncertainties in Arctic climate change projections. Climate Dynamics, 40 (11-12). pp. 2849-2865. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1512-z

Hodson, D. L. R., Sutton, R. T., Cassou, C., Keenlyside, N., Okumura, Y. and Zhou, T. (2010) Climate impacts of recent multidecadal changes in Atlantic Ocean Sea Surface Temperature: A multimodel comparison. Climate Dynamics, 34 (7-8). pp. 1041-1058. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0571-2

Hodson, D.L.R. and Sutton, R.T. (2008) Exploring Multi-model atmospheric GCM Ensembles with ANOVA. Climate Dynamcs, 31 (7-8). pp. 973-986. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0372-z

Holloway, C. and Neelin, J. D. (2009) Moisture vertical structure, column water vapor, and tropical deep convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (6). pp. 1665-1683. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2806.1

Holloway, C. E. and Neelin, J. D. (2010) Temporal relations of column water vapor and tropical precipitation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (4). pp. 1091-1105. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3284.1

Holloway, C. E., Petch, J. C., Beare, R. J., Bechtold, P., Craig, G. C., Derbyshire, S. H., Donner, L. J., Field, P. R., Gray, S. L., Marsham, J. H., Parker, D. J., Plant, R. S., Roberts, N. M., Schultz, D. M., Stirling, A. J. and Woolnough, S. J. (2014) Understanding and representing atmospheric convection across scales: recommendations from the meeting held at Dartington Hall, Devon, UK, 28–30 January 2013. Atmospheric Science Letters. ISSN 1530-261X (In Press)

Holloway, C. E., Woolnough, S. J. and Lister, G. M. S. (2013) The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part I: Characterization of large-scale organization and propagation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (5). pp. 1342-1369. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0227.1

Holloway, C.E., Woolnough, S.J. and Lister, G.M.S. (2012) Precipitation distributions for explicit versus parameterized convection in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138. pp. 1692-1708. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.1903

Hoskins, B. and Yang, G. Y. (2000) The equatorial response to higher latitude forcing. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 57 (9). pp. 1197-1213. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<1197:TERTHL>2.0.CO;2

Hoskins, B., Fonseca, R., Blackburn, M. and Jung, T. (2012) Relaxing the Tropics to an ‘observed’ state: analysis using a simple baroclinic model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138 (667). pp. 1618-1626. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.1881

Hu, H., Gray, L. J., Baldwin, M. P. and Jarvis, M. J. (2009) Life cycle of the QBO-modulated 11-year solar cycle signals in the Northern Hemispheric winter. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135 (641). 1030 -1043 . ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.419 (Unpublished)

Iwi, A. M., Hermanson, L., Haines, K. and Sutton, R. T. (2012) Mechanisms linking volcanic aerosols to the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Journal of Climate, 25 (8). pp. 3039-3051. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4067.1

Jackson, L.C., Schaller, N., Smith, R.S., Palmer, M.D. and Vellinga, M. (2013) Response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to a reversal of greenhouse gas increases. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1842-5 (In Press)

Jacoby, T. N. L., Read, P. L., Williams, P. D. and Young, R. M. B. (2011) Generation of inertia-gravity waves in the rotating thermal annulus by a localised boundary layer instability. Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 105 (2-3). pp. 161-181. ISSN 0309-1929 doi: 10.1080/03091929.2011.560151

John, V. O., Allan, R. P., Bell, W., Buehler, S. A. and Kottayil, A. (2013) Assessment of intercalibration methods for satellite microwave humidity sounders. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (10). pp. 4906-4918. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50358

John, V.O., Holl, G., Allan, R., Buehler, S.A., Parker, D.E. and Soden, B.J. (2011) Clear-sky biases in satellite infrared estimates of upper tropospheric humidity and its trends. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. D14108. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JD015355

Johns, T. C., Carnell, R. E., Crossley, J. F., Gregory, J. M., Mitchell, J. F. B., Senior, C. A., Tett, S. F. B. and Wood, R. A. (1997) The second Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM: model description, spinup and validation. Climate Dynamics, 13 (2). pp. 103-134. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820050155

Johns, T. C., Durman, C. F., Banks, H. T., Roberts, M. J., McLaren, A. J., Ridley, J. K., Senior, C. A., Williams, K. D., Jones, A., Rickard, G. J., Cusack, S., Ingram, W. J., Crucifix, M., Sexton, D. M. H., Joshi, M. M., Dong, B. W., Spencer, H., Hill, R. S. R., Gregory, J. M., Keen, A.B., Pardaens, A. K., Lowe, J. A., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Stark, S. and Searl, Y. (2006) The new Hadley Centre climate model HadGEM1: evaluation of coupled simulations. Journal Of Climate, 19. pp. 1327-1353. ISSN 1520-0442

Johns, T. C., Gregory, J. M., Stott, P. A. and Mitchell, J. F. B. (2001) Correlations between patterns of 19th and 20th century surface temperature change and HadCM2 Climate Model ensembles. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (6). pp. 1007-1010. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2000GL011861

Jones, C. and Lawrence, B. (2006) CLADDIER: Citation, location and deposition in discipline and institutional repositories. D-Lib Magazine, 12 (2). ISSN 1082-9873

Joshi, M. (2009) The effect of ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) on Ashes series results in Australia. Weather, 64 (7). pp. 178-180. ISSN 1477-8696 doi: 10.1002/wea.403

Joshi, M., Hawkins, E., Sutton, R., Lowe, J. and Frame, D. (2011) Projections of when temperature change will exceed 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Nature Climate Change, 1 (8). pp. 407-412. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1261

Joshi, M., Turner, A. G. and Hope, C. (2013) The use of land-sea warming contrast under climate change to improve impact metrics. Climatic Change, 117 (4). pp. 951-960. ISSN 0165-0009 doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0715-6

Joshi, M. M. and Jones, G. (2009) The climatic effects of the direct injection of water vapour into the stratosphere by large volcanic eruptions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9 (16). pp. 6109-6118. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-9-6109-2009

Joshi, M. M., Lawrence, B. N. and Lewis, S. R. (1995) Gravity wave drag in three-dimensional atmospheric models of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E10). pp. 21235-21245. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/95JE02486

Joshi, M. M., Lawrence, B. N. and Lewis, S. R. (1996) The effect of spatial variations in unresolved topography on gravity wave drag in the Martian atmosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 23 (21). pp. 2927-2930. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/96GL02758

Joshi, M. M., Webb, M. J., Maycock, A.C. and Collins, M. (2010) Stratospheric water vapour and high climate sensitivity in a version of the HadSM3 climate model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10. pp. 7161-7167. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-10-7161-2010

Juckes, M. and Lawrence, B. (2006) Data assimilation for re-analyses: potential gains from full use of post-analysis-time observations. Tellus A, 58 (2). pp. 171-178. ISSN 1600-0870 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2006.00167.x

Juckes, M. and Lawrence, B. (2009) Inferred variables in data assimilation: quantifying sensitivity to inaccurate error statistics. Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 61 (1). pp. 129-143. ISSN 1600-0870 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00376.x

Karl, T. R., Nicholls, N. and Gregory, J. M. (1997) The coming climate. Scientific American, 276. pp. 78-83. ISSN 0036-8733 doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican0597-78

Keeley, S., Sutton, R. and Shaffrey, L. (2012) The impact of North Atlantic sea surface temperature errors on the simulation of North Atlantic European region climate. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.1912 (In Press)

Keeley, S. P. E., Sutton, R. T. and Shaffrey, L. C. (2009) Does the North Atlantic Oscillation show unusual persistence on intraseasonal timescales? Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L22706. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2009GL040367

King, A. D., Klingaman, N. P., Alexander, L. V., Donat, M. G., Jourdain, N. C. and Maher, P. (2014) Extreme rainfall variability in Australia: Patterns, drivers and predictability. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 (In Press)

Klingaman, N. and Woolnough, S. (2013) Using a case-study approach to improve the Madden-Julian oscillation in the Hadley Centre model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2314 (In Press)

Klingaman, N. and Woolnough, S. (2013) The role of air–sea coupling in the simulation of the Madden–Julian oscillation in the Hadley Centre model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2295 (In Press)

Klingaman, N., Woolnough, S. and Syktus, J. (2013) On the drivers of inter-annual and decadal rainfall variability in Queensland, Australia. International Journal of Climatology, 33 (10). pp. 2413-2430. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.3593

Klingaman, N. P., Inness, P.M., Weller, H. and Slingo, J.M. (2008) The Importance of High-Frequency Sea Surface Temperature Variability to the Intraseasonal Oscillation of Indian Monsoon Rainfall. Journal of Climate, 21 (23). pp. 6119-6140. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2329.1

Klingaman, N. P., Weller, H., Slingo, J.M. and Inness, P.M. (2008) The intraseasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon using TMI sea surface temperatures and ECMWF reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 21 (11). pp. 2519-2539. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI1850.1

Klingaman, N. P., Weller, H., Woolnough, S. J., Inness, P. M. and Slingo, J. M. (2009) Coupled simulations of the Indian monsoon intraseasonal oscillation using a fine-resolution mixed-layer ocean model. Proceedings of the ECMWF Workshop on Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction. pp. 195-205.

Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S. J., Weller, H. and Slingo, J. M. (2011) The impact of finer-resolution air-sea coupling on the intraseasonal oscillation of the Indian monsoon. Journal of Climate, 24 (10). pp. 2451-2468. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3868.1

Kniveton, D. R., Layberry, R., Williams, C. J. R. and Peck, M. (2009) Trends in the start of the wet season over Africa. International Journal of Climatology, 29 (9). pp. 1216-1225. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1792

Knox, J. A., McCann, D. W. and Williams, P. D. (2009) "Application of the Lighthill-Ford theory of spontaneous imbalance to clear-air turbulence forecasting" :Reply. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (8). pp. 2511-2516. ISSN 0022-4928 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3084.1

Koehler, A.-K., Challinor, A. J., Hawkins, E. and Asseng, S. (2013) Influences of increasing temperature on Indian wheat: quantifying limits to predictability. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (3). 034016. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034016

Krishnan, R., Sabin, T. P., Ayantika, D. C., Kitoh, A., Sugi, M., Murakami, H., Turner, A. G. , Slingo, J. M. and Rajendran, K. (2012) Will the South Asian monsoon overturning circulation stabilize any further? Climate Dynamics. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1317-0 (In Press)

Kuhlbrodt, T. (2008) On Sandström's inferences from his tank experiments - a hundred years later. Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60 (5). pp. 819-836. ISSN 0280-6495 doi: doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00350.x

Kuhlbrodt, T. and Gregory, J. (2012) Ocean heat uptake and its consequences for the magnitude of sea level rise and climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (18). L18608. ISSN 1944-8007 doi: 10.1029/2012GL052952

Kuhlbrodt, T., Rahmstorf, S., Zickfeld, K., Vikebø, F. B., Sundby, S., Hofmann, M., Link, P. M., Bondeau, A., Cramer, W. and Jaeger, C. (2009) An Integrated Assessment of changes in the thermohaline circulation. Climatic Change, 96 (4). pp. 489-537. ISSN 1573-1480 doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9561-y

Kuhlbrodt, T., Smith, R. S., Wang, Z. and Gregory, J. M. (2012) The influence of eddy parameterizations on the transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in coupled climate models. Ocean Modelling, 52-53. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1463-5003 doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.04.006

Lambert, F. H., Webb, M. J. and Joshi, M. (2011) The relationship between land–ccean surface temperature contrast and radiative forcing. Journal of Climate, 24 (13). pp. 3239-3256. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3893.1

Latham, S.E., Cramer, R., Grant, M., Kershaw, P., Lawrence, B., Lowry, R., Lowe, D., O'Neill, K., Miller, P., Pascoe, S., Pritchard, M., Snaith, H. and Woolf, A. (2009) The NERC DataGrid services. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 1015-1019. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0238

Lavers, D., Allan, R., Wood, E. F., Villarini, G., Brayshaw, D. and Wade, A. (2011) Winter floods in Britain are connected to atmospheric rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (23). L23803. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL049783

Lavers, D. A., Allan, R. P., Villarini, G., Lloyd-Hughes, B., Brayshaw, D. J. and Wade, A. J. (2013) Future changes in atmospheric rivers and their implications for winter flooding in Britain. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (3). 034010. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034010

Lavers, D. A., Villarini, G., Allan, R. P., Wood, E. F. and Wade, A. J. (2012) The detection of atmospheric rivers in atmospheric reanalyses and their links to British winter floods and the large-scale climatic circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres, 117 (D20). ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1029/2012JD018027

Lawrence, B., Jones, C., Matthews, B., Pepler, S. and Callaghan, S. (2011) Citation and peer review of data: moving towards formal data publication. International Journal of Digital Curation, 6 (2). pp. 4-37. ISSN 1746-8256 doi: 10.2218/ijdc.v6i2.205

Lawrence, B., Lowry, R., Miller, P., Snaith, H. and Woolf, A. (2009) Information in environmental data grids. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 1003-1014. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0237

Lawrence, B. N. (1997) Some aspects of the sensitivity of stratospheric climate simulation to model lid height. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 102. p. 23. doi: 10.1029/97JD01771

Lawrence, B. N. (2001) A gravity-wave induced quasi-biennial oscillation in a three-dimensional mechanistic model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (576). pp. 2005-2021. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1256/smsqj.57607

Lawrence, B. N. and Randel, W.J. (1996) Variability in the mesosphere observed by the Nimbus 6 pressure modulator radiometer. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 101. p. 23. doi: 10.1029/96JD01652

Lawrence, B. N., Fraser, G.J., Vincent, R.A. and Phillips, A. (1995) The 4-day wave in the Antarctic mesosphere. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 100. p. 18. doi: 10.1029/95JD01168.

Lawrence, B.N. (1997) The Effect of Parameterized Gravity Wave Drag on Simulations of the Middle Atmosphere During Northern Winter 1991/1992-General Evolution. NATO ASI SERIES I GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 50. pp. 291-308.

Lawrence, B.N., Balaji, V., Bentley, P., Callaghan, S., DeLuca, C., Denvil, S., Devine, G., Elkington, M., Ford, R.W., Guilyardi, E., Lautenschlager, M., Morgan, M., Moine, M.-P., Murphy, S., Pascoe, C., Ramthun, H., Slavin, P., Steenman-Clark, L., Toussaint, F., Treshansky, A. and Valcke, S. (2012) Describing Earth system simulations with the Metafor CIM. Geoscientific Model Development, 5 (6). pp. 1493-1500. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-5-1493-2012

Lengaigne, M., Boulanger, J. P., Menkes, C. and Spencer, H. (2006) Influence of the seasonal cycle on the termination of El Nino events in a coupled general circulation model. Journal Of Climate, 19 (9). pp. 1850-1868. ISSN 1520-0442

Levine, R. C. and Turner, A. G. (2012) Dependence of Indian monsoon rainfall on moisture fluxes across the Arabian Sea and the impact of coupled model sea surface temperature biases. Climate Dynamics, 38 (11-12). pp. 2167-2190. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1096-z

Levine, R.C., Turner, A., Marathayil, D. and Martin, G. (2013) The role of northern Arabian Sea surface temperature biases in CMIP5 model simulations and future projections of Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Climate Dynamics, 41 (1). pp. 155-172. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1656-x

Li , Y., Lu, R. and Dong, B. (2007) The ENSO-Asian monsoon interaction in a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM. Journal of Climate, 20 (20). pp. 5164-5177. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI4289.1

Li, C., Lu, R. and Dong, B. (2013) Predictability of the western North Pacific summer climate associated with different ENSO phases by ENSEMBLES multi-model seasonal forecasts. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-2010-7

Li, C., Lu, R. and Dong, B. (2012) Predictability of the western North Pacific summer climate demonstrated by the coupled models of ENSEMBLES. Climate Dynamics, 39 (1-2). pp. 329-346. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1274-z

Li, C., Notz, D., Tietsche, S. and Marotzke, J. (2013) The transient versus the equilibrium response of sea ice to global warming. Journal of Climate, 26 (15). pp. 5624-5636. ISSN 0894-8755 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00492.1

Lintner, B. R., Holloway, C. E. and Neelin, J. D. (2011) Column water vapor statistics and their relationship to deep convection, vertical and horizontal circulation, and moisture structure at Nauru. Journal of Climate, 24 (20). pp. 5454-5466. ISSN 0894-8755 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-10-05015.1

Liu, C. and Allan, R. (2012) Multi-satellite observed responses of precipitation and its extremes to interannual climate variability. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117. D03101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2011JD016568

Liu, C. and Allan, R. P. (2013) Observed and simulated precipitation responses in wet and dry regions 1850–2100. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (3). 034002. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034002

Liu, C., Allan, R. P. and Huffman, G. J. (2012) Co-variation of temperature and precipitation in CMIP5 models and satellite observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. L13803. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL052093

Liu, X. and Dong, B. (2013) Influence of the Tibetan Plateau uplift on the Asian monsoon-arid environment evolution. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58 (34). pp. 4277-4291. ISSN 1861-9541 doi: 10.1007/s11434-013-5987-8

Liu, Y., Wu, G., Hong, J., Dong, B., Duan, A., Bao, Q. and Zhou, L. (2012) Revisiting Asian monsoon formation and change associated with Tibetan Plateau forcing: II. Change. Climate Dynamics, 39 (5). pp. 1183-1195. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1335-y

Lloyd, J., Guilyardi, E. and Weller, H. (2011) The role of atmosphere feedbacks during ENSO in the CMIP3 models. Part II: using AMIP runs to understand the heat flux feedback mechanisms. Climate Dynamics, 37 (7-8). pp. 1271-1292. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0895-y

Lloyd, J., Guilyardi, E. and Weller, H. (2012) The role of atmosphere feedbacks during ENSO in the CMIP3 models. Part III: the shortwave flux feedback. Journal of Climate, 25 (12). pp. 4275-4293. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00178.1

Lloyd, J., Guilyardi, E., Weller, H. and Slingo, J. M. (2009) The role of atmosphere feedbacks during ENSO in the CMIP3 models. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10 (3). pp. 170-176. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl.227

Loeb, N. G., Lyman, J. M., Johnson, G. C., Allan, R. P., Doelling, D. R., Wong, T., Soden, B. J. and Stephens, G. L. (2012) Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty. Nature Geoscience, 15. pp. 110-113. ISSN 1752-0894 doi: 10.1038/ngeo1375

Lowe, D., Woolf, A., Lawrence, B. and Pascoe, S. (2009) Integrating the Climate Science Modelling Language with geospatial software and services. International Journal of Digital Earth, 2 (S1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 1753-8955 doi: 10.1080/17538940902866161

Lowe, J. A. and Gregory, J. M. (2010) A sea of uncertainty. Nature Reports Climate Change. pp. 42-43. ISSN 1753-9315 doi: 10.1038/climate.2010.30

Lowe, J. A., Gregory, J. M. and Flather, R. A. (2001) Changes in the occurrence of storm surges around the United Kingdom under a future climate scenario using a dynamic storm surge model driven by the Hadley Centre climate models. Climate Dynamics, 18 (3-4). pp. 179-188. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s003820100163

Lu, R., Li, Y. and Dong, B. (2007) Arctic Oscillation and Antarctic Oscillation in internal atmospheric variability. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 24 (1). pp. 152-162. ISSN 0256-1530 doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0152-4

Lu, R.-y., Li, C.-F., Yang, S.-H. and Dong, B. (2012) The coupled model predictability of the Western North Pacific summer monsoon with different leading times. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 5 (3). pp. 219-224. ISSN 1674-2834

Maidment, R. I., Grimes, D. I. F., Allan, R. P., Greatrex, H., Rojas, O. and Leo, O. (2013) Evaluation of satellite-based and model re-analysis rainfall estimates for Uganda. Meteorological Applications, 20 (3). pp. 308-317. ISSN 1469-8080 doi: 10.1002/met.1283

Manzini, E., Karpechko, A. Y., Anstey, J., Baldwin , M. P., Black, R. X., Cagnazzo, C., Calvo, N. , Charlton-Perez, A., Christiansen, B., Davini, P., Gerber, E., Giorgetta, M., Gray, L., Hardiman, S. C., Lee, Y.-Y., Marsh, D. R., McDaniel, B. A., Purich, A., Scaife, A. A., Shindell, D., Son, S.-W., Watanabe, S. and Zappa, G. (2014) Northern winter climate change: Assessment of uncertainty in CMIP5 projections related to stratosphere – troposphere coupling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1002/2013JD021403

Marathayil, D., Turner, A. G., Shaffrey, L. C. and Levine, R. C. (2013) Systematic winter sea-surface temperature biases in the northern Arabian Sea in HiGEM and the CMIP3 models. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (1). 014028. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014028

Marti, O., Braconnot, P., Dufresne, J.-L., Bellier, J., Benshila, R., Bony, S., Brockmann, P., Cadule, P., Caubel, A., Codron, F., Noblet, N., Denvil, S., Fairhead, L., Fichefet, T., Foujols, M.-A., Friedlingstein, P., Goosse, H., Grandpeix, J.-Y., Guilyardi, E., Hourdin, F., Idelkadi, A., Kageyama, M., Krinner, G., Lévy, C., Madec, G., Mignot, J., Musat, I., Swingedouw, D. and Talandier, C. (2009) Key features of the IPSL ocean atmosphere model and its sensitivity to atmospheric resolution. Climate Dynamics, 34 (1). pp. 1-26. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: DOI:10.1007/s00382-009-0640-6

Martin, G. M., Bellouin, N., Collins, W. J., Culverwell, I. D., Halloran, P. R., Hardiman, S. C., Hinton, T. J., Jones, C. D., McDonald, R. E., McLaren, A. J., O'Connor, F. M., Roberts, M. J., Rodriguez, J. M., Woodward, S., Best, M. J., Brooks, M. E., Brown, A. R., Butchart, N., Dearden, C., Derbyshire, S. H., Dharssi, I., Doutriaux-Boucher, M., Edwards, J. M., Falloon, P. D., Gedney, N., Gray, L. J., Hewitt, H. T., Hobson, M., Huddleston, M. R., Hughes, J., Ineson, S., Ingram, W. J., James, P. M., Johns, T. C., Johnson, C. E., Jones, A., Jones, C. P., Joshi, M. M., Keen, A. B., Liddicoat, S., Lock, A. P., Maidens, A. V., Manners, J. C., Milton, S. F., Rae, J. G. L., Ridley, J. K., Sellar, A., Senior, C. A., Totterdell, I. J., Verhoef, A., Vidale, P. L. and Wiltshire, A. (2011) The HadGEM2 family of Met Office Unified Model climate configurations. Geoscientific Model Development, 4 (3). pp. 723-757. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-723-2011

Masato, G., Hoskins, B. J. and Woollings, T. (2013) Wave-breaking characteristics of Northern Hemisphere winter blocking: a two-dimensional approach. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00240.1

Masato, G., Hoskins, B. J. and Woollings, T. (2013) Winter and Summer Northern Hemisphere blocking in CMIP5 models. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00466.1

Matthewman, N. J., Esler, J. G., Charlton-Perez, A. J. and Polvani, L. (2009) A new look at stratospheric sudden warmings. Part III. Polar vortex evolution and vertical structure. Journal of Climate, 22 (6). pp. 1566-1585. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2365.1

Mauritzen, C., Melsom, A. and Sutton, R. T. (2012) Importance of density-compensated temperature change for deep North Atlantic Ocean heat uptake. Nature Geoscience, 5 (12). pp. 905-910. ISSN 1752-0908 doi: 10.1038/ngeo1639

Maycock, A. C., Keeley, S. P. E., Charlton-Perez, A. J. and Doblas-Reyes, F. J. (2011) Stratospheric circulation in seasonal forecasting models: implications for seasonal prediction. Climate Dynamics, 36 (1-2). pp. 309-321. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0665-x

McCann, D. W., Knox, J. A. and Williams, P. D. (2012) An improvement in clear-air turbulence forecasting based on spontaneous imbalance theory: the ULTURB algorithm. Meteorological Applications, 19 (1). pp. 71-78. ISSN 1469-8080 doi: 10.1002/met.260

Meehl, G. A., Goddard, L., Boer, G., Burgman, R., Branstator, G., Cassou, C., Corti, S., Danabasoglu, G., Doblas-Reyes, F., Hawkins, E., Karspeck, A., Kimoto, M., Kumar, A., Matei, D., Mignot, J., Msadek, R., Pohlmann, H., Rienecker, M., Rosati, T., Schneider, E., Smith, D., Sutton, R., Teng, H., Van Oldenborgh, G. J., Vecchi, G. and Yeager, S. (2014) Decadal climate prediction: an update from the trenches. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95 (2). pp. 243-267. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00241.1

Meehl, G. A., Goddard, L., Murphy, J., Stouffer, R. J., Boer, G., Danabasoglu, G., Dixon, K., Giorgetta, M. A., Greene, A. M., Hawkins, E., Hegerl, G., Karoly, D., Keenlyside, N., Kimoto, M., Kirtman, B., Navarra, A., Pulwarty, R., Smith, D., Stammer, D. and Stockdale, T. (2009) Decadal Prediction. Can It Be Skillful? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (10). pp. 1467-1485. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2009BAMS2778.1

Meredith, M. P., Woodworth, P. L., Chereskin, T. K., Marshall, D. P., Allison, L. C., Bigg, G. R., Donohue, K., Heywood, K. J., Hughes, C. W., Hibbert, A., Hogg, A. M., Johnson, H. L., Jullion, L., King, B., Leach, H., Lenn, Y.-D., Morales-Maqueda, M. A., Munday, D. R., Naveira-Garabato, A. C., Provost, C., Sallée, J.-B. and Sprintall, J. (2011) Sustained monitoring of the Southern Ocean at Drake Passage: past achievements and future priorities. Reviews of Geophysics, 49. RG4005. ISSN 8755-1209 doi: 10.1029/2010RG000348

Mihailović, D. T., Lee, T. J., Pielke, R. A., Lalić, B., Arsenić, I. D., Rajković, B. and Vidale, P. L. (2000) Comparison of different boundary layer surface schemes using single point micrometeorological field data. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 67 (3-4). pp. 135-151. ISSN 1434-4483 doi: 10.1007%2Fs007040070003

Mihailović, D. T., Lee, T. J., Pielke, R. A., Lalić, B., Arsenić, I. D., Rajković, B. and Vidale, P. L. (2000) Comparison of different boundary layer surface schemes using single point micrometeorological field data. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 67 (3). pp. 135-151. ISSN 1434-4483

Mitchell, D. M., Gray, L. and Charlton-Perez, A. (2011) The structure and evolution of the stratospheric vortex in response to natural forcings. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. D15110. ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2011JD015788

Mitchell, D., Charlton-Perez, A. J. and Gray, L. J. (2011) Characterising the variability and extremes of the stratospheric polar vortices using 2D moment analysis. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (6). pp. 1194-1213. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2010JAS3555.1

Mitchell, J. F. B., Johns, T. C., Gregory, J. M. and Tett, S. F. B. (1995) Climate response to increasing levels of greenhouse gases and sulphate aerosols. Nature, 376. pp. 501-504. ISSN 0028-0836 doi: 10.1038/376501a0

Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Schiemann, R., Demory, M.-E., Strachan, J., Edwards, T., Stephens, A., Lawrence, B. N., Pritchard, M., Chiu, P., Iwi, A., Churchill, J., del Cano Novales, C., Kettleborough, J., Roseblade, W., Selwood, P., Foster, M., Glover, M. and Malcolm, A. (2014) High resolution global climate modelling; the UPSCALE project, a large simulation campaign. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, 7 (1). pp. 563-591. ISSN 1991-962X doi: 10.5194/gmdd-7-563-2014

Munday, D. R., Allison, L. C., Johnson, H. L. and Marshall, D. P. (2011) Remote forcing of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by diapycnal mixing. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (8). L08609. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL046849

Ngwana, T. I., Demory, M.-E., Vidale, P. L., Plant, R. S. and Mbedzi, M. P. (2010) Impact of land cover changes on the South African climate. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 13 (1). 012009. ISSN 1755-1315 doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/13/1/012009

Nicholls, M. E., Denning, A. S., Prihodko, L., Vidale, P. L., Baker, I., Davis, K. and Bakwin, P. (2004) A multiple-scale simulation of variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide using a coupled biosphere-atmospheric model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D18). 117. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2003JD004482

Nicol, J. C., Illingworth, A. J. and Bartholomew, K. (2014) The potential of 1 h refractivity changes from an operational C-band magnetron-based radar for numerical weather prediction validation and data assimilation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 0035-9009 doi: 10.1002/qj.2223

Nicol, J. C. and Illingworth, A. J. (2013) The effect of phase-correlated returns and spatial smoothing on the accuracy of radar refractivity retrievals. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30 (1). pp. 22-39. ISSN 0739-0572 doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00077.1

Nicol, J. C., Illingworth, A. J., Darlington, T. and Kitchen, M. (2013) Quantifying errors due to frequency changes and target location uncertainty for radar refractivity retrievals. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30 (9). pp. 2006-2024. ISSN 0739-0572 doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00118.1

Nutt, D. R. and Weller, H. (2009) Algorithm for generating defective graphene sheets. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 5 (7). pp. 1877-1882. ISSN 1549-9618 doi: 10.1021/ct900113f

Ortega, P., Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. (2011) Processes governing the predictability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a coupled GCM. Climate Dynamics, 37 (9-10). pp. 1771-1782. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1025-1

Osborn, T. J., Conway, D., Hulme, M., Gregory, J. M. and Jones, P. D. (1999) Air flow influences on local climate: observed and simulated mean relationships for the United Kingdom. Climate Research, 13 (3). pp. 173-191. ISSN 0936-577X doi: 10.3354/cr013173

Osborne, T., Rose, G. and Wheeler, T. (2013) Variation in the global-scale impacts of climate change on crop productivity due to climate model uncertainty and adaptation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 170. pp. 183-194. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.07.006

Osborne, T. M. and Wheeler, T. R. (2013) Evidence for a climate signal in trends of global crop yield variability over the past 50 years. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (2). 024001. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024001

Osborne, T. M., Lawrence, D.M., Challinor, A. J., Slingo, J.M. and Wheeler, T. R. (2007) Development and assessment of a coupled crop-climate model. Global Change Biology, 13 (1). pp. 169-183. ISSN 1354-1013 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01274.x

Osborne, T. M., Slingo, J. M., Lawrence, D. and Wheeler, T. R. (2009) Examining the interaction of growing crops with local climate using a coupled crop-climate model. Journal of Climate, 22 (6). pp. 1393-1411. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2494.1

Osprey, S.M. and Lawrence, B.N. (2001) A possible mechanism for in situ forcing of planetary waves in the summer extratropical mesosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (7). pp. 1183-1186. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2000GL011984

O’Gorman, P. A., Allan, R. P., Byrne, M. P. and Previdi, M. (2012) Energetic constraints on precipitation under climate change. Surveys in Geophysics, 33 (3-4). pp. 585-608. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-011-9159-6

Pardaens, A. K., Gregory, J. M. and Lowe, J. A. (2011) A model study of factors influencing projected changes in regional sea level over the 21st century. Climate Dynamics, 36 (9-10). pp. 2015-2033. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0738-x

Parker, D., Folland, C., Scaife, A., Knight, J., Colman, A., Baines, P. and Dong, B. (2007) Decadal to multidecadal variability and the climate change background. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112. D18115. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2007JD008411

Pascale, S., Gregory, J., Ambaum, M. H. P., Tailleux, R. and Lucarini, V. (2012) Vertical and horizontal processes in the global atmosphere and the maximum entropy production conjecture. Earth System Dynamics, 3. pp. 19-32. ISSN 2190-4987 doi: 10.5194/esd-3-19-2012

Pascale, S., Gregory, J. M., Ambaum, M. H.P. and Tailleux, R. G. J. (2011) Climate entropy budget of the HadCM3 atmosphere-ocean general circulation model and of FAMOUS, its low resolution version. Climate Dynamics, 36 (5-6). pp. 1189-1206. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0718-1

Pearson, K. J., Hogan, R. J., Allan, R. P., Lister, G. M. S. and Holloway, C.E. (2010) Evaluation of the model representation of the evolution of convective systems using satellite observations of outgoing longwave radiation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A20206. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JD014265

Pearson, K. J., Hogan, R.J., Allan, R.P. and Lister, G. M. S. (2009) How well do high resolution models reproduce tropical convection? Proceedings of the 2009 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, P.55. S8, 44. ISSN 1011-3932

Pearson, K. J., Lister, G. M. S., Birch, C. E., Allan, R. P., Hogan, R. J. and Woolnough, S. J. (2014) Modelling the diurnal cycle of tropical convection across the "Grey Zone". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140 (679). pp. 491-499. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2145

Peters, O., Deluca, A., Corral, A., Neelin, J. D. and Holloway, C. E. (2010) Universality of rain event size distributions. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2010 (11). P11030. ISSN 1742-5468 doi: 10.1088/1742-5468/2010/11/P11030

Peterson, T. C., Vautard, R., McVicar, T. R., Thépaut, J.-N. and Berrisford, P. (2011) [Atmosperic circulation] Surface winds over land [in "State of the Climate in 2010"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92 (6). S57-S57. ISSN 1520-0477

Pielke Sr, R. A., Walko, R. L., Steyaert, L. T., Vidale, P. L., Liston, G. E., Lyons, W. A. and Chase, T. N. (1999) The influence of anthropogenic landscape changes on weather in south Florida. Monthly Weather Review, 127 (7). pp. 1663-1672. ISSN 1520-0493 doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1999)127<1663:TIOALC>2.0.CO;2

Pielke, R. A. and Vidale, P. L. (1995) The boreal forest and the polar front. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (D12). pp. 25755-25758. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/95JD02418

Pielke, R. A., Bernardet, L. R., Fitzpatrick,, P. J., Hertenstein, R. F., Jones, A. S., Lin, X., Nachamkin,, J. E., Nair, U. S., Papineau, J. M., Poulos, G. S., Savoie, M. H. and Vidale, P. L. (1995) Standardized test to evaluate numerical weather prediction algorithms. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 76 (1). pp. 46-48. ISSN 1520-0477

Plagmann, M., Marsh, S. H., Baggaley, W. J., Bennett, R. G. T., Deutsch, K. A., Fraser, G. J., Hernandez, G., Lawrence, B. N., Plank, G. E. and Smith, R. W. (1998) Annual variation of airglow heights derived from wind measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 25 (24). pp. 4457-4460. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/1998GL900212

Polo, I., Dong, B. W. and Sutton, R. T. (2013) Changes in tropical Atlantic interannual variability from a substantial weakening of the meridional overturning circulation. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1716-x

Polo, I., Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., Losada, T. and García-Serrano, J. (2008) Tropical Atlantic variability modes (1979–2002). Part I: Time-evolving SST modes related to West African rainfall. Journal of Climate, 21 (24). pp. 6457-6475. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2607.1

Polson, D., Hegerl, G. C., Allan, R. and Balan Sarojini, B. (2013) Have greenhouse gases intensified the contrast between wet and dry regions? Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (17). pp. 4783-4787. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/grl.50923

Ponte, R. M., Rajamony, J. and Gregory, J. M. (2002) Ocean angular momentum signals in a climate model and implications for Earth rotation. Climate Dynamics, 19 (2). pp. 181-190. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-001-0216-6

Poulsen, C. A., Watts, P. D., Thomas, G. E., Sayer, A. M., Siddans, R., Grainger, R. G., Lawrence, B. N., Campmany, E., Dean, S. M. and Arnold, C. (2011) Cloud retrievals from satellite data using optimal estimation: evaluation and application to ATSR. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 4. pp. 2389-2431. doi: 10.5194/amtd-4-2389-2011

Poulter, B., Hattermann, F., Hawkins, E., Zaehle, S., Sitch, S., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Heyder , U. and Cramer, W. (2010) Robust dynamics of Amazon dieback to climate change with perturbed ecosystem model parameters. Global Change Biology, 16 (9). pp. 2476-2495. ISSN 1354-1013 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02157.x

Raible, C. C., Casty, C., Luterbacher, J., Pauling, A., Esper, J., Frank, D. C., Büntgen , U., Roesch, A. C., Tschuck, P., Wild, M., Vidale, P. L., Schär, C. and Wannerhide, H. (2006) Climate variability-observations, reconstructions, and model simulations for the Atlantic-European and Alpine region from 1500-2100 AD. Climatic Change, 79 (1). pp. 9-29. ISSN 1573-1480 doi: 10.1007/s10584-006-9061-2

Raper, S. C. B., Gregory, J. M. and Osborn, T. J. (2001) Use of an upwelling-diffusion energy balance climate model to simulate and diagnose A/OGCM results. Climate Dynamics, 17 (8). pp. 601-613. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/PL00007931

Raper, S. C. B., Gregory, J. M. and Stouffer, R. J. (2002) The role of climate sensitivity and ocean heat uptake on AOGCM transient temperature response. Journal of Climate, 15 (1). pp. 124-130. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0124:TROCSA>2.0.CO;2

Reburn, W. J., Remedios, J. J., Ballard, J., Lawrence, B. N. and Taylor, F. W. (1993) Measurements of stratospheric NO2 by the improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder. Geophysical Research Letters, 20 (12). pp. 1231-1234. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/93GL01340

Ridley, J., Gregory, J. M., Huybrechts , P. and Lowe, J. (2010) Thresholds for irreversible decline of the Greenland ice sheet. Climate Dynamics, 35 (6). pp. 1049-1057. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0646-0

Roberts, M. J., Clayton, A., Demory, M.-E., Donners, J., Vidale, P. L., Norton, W., Shaffrey, L. C., Stevens, D. P., Stevens, I., Wood, R. A. and Slingo, A. (2009) Impact of Resolution on the Tropical Pacific Circulation in a Matrix of Coupled Models. Journal of Climate, 22 (10). pp. 2541-2556. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2537.1

Roberts, N., Brayshaw, D., Kuzucuoğlu, C., Perez, R. and Sadori, L. (2011) The mid-Holocene climatic transition in the Mediterranean: causes and consequences. The Holocene, 21 (1). pp. 3-13. ISSN 0959-6836 doi: 10.1177/0959683610388058

Robson, J., Hodson, D., Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. (2014) Atlantic overturning in decline? Nature Geoscience, 7 (1). pp. 2-3. ISSN 1752-0894 doi: 10.1038/ngeo2050

Robson, J., Sutton, R. and Smith, D. (2014) Decadal predictions of the cooling and freshening of the North Atlantic in the 1960s and the role of ocean circulation. Climate Dynamics. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2115-7 (In Press)

Robson, J., Sutton, R. and Smith, D. (2013) Predictable climate impacts of the decadal changes in the ocean in the 1990s. Journal of Climate, 26 (17). pp. 6329-6339. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00827.1

Robson, J., Sutton, R., Lohmann, K., Smith, D. and Palmer, M. D. (2012) Causes of the rapid warming of the North Atlantic ocean in the mid-1990s. Journal of Climate, 25 (12). pp. 4116-4134. ISSN 0894-8755 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00443.1

Robson, J.I., Sutton, R.T. and Smith, D.M. (2012) Initialized decadal predictions of the rapid warming of the North Atlantic Ocean in the mid 1990s. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (L19713). ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL053370

Rosier, S. M. and Lawrence, B. N. (1999) The January 1992 stratospheric sudden warming: A role for tropical inertial instability? Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 125 (559). pp. 2575-2596. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.49712555912

Rosier, S., Lawrence, B. N., Andrews, D. and Taylor, F. (1994) Dynamical evolution of the Northern stratosphere in early winter 1991-92, as observed by the improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 51 (20). pp. 2783-2799. doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2783:DEOTNS>2.0.CO;2

Ruth, S., Remedios, J., Lawrence, B. N. and Taylor, F. (1994) Measurements of N2O by the UARS improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder during the early northern winter 1991/92. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 51 (20). pp. 2818-2833. doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2818:MONBTI>2.0.CO;2

Rycroft, M. J. and Harrison, R. G. (2012) Electromagnetic atmosphere-plasma coupling: the global atmospheric electric circuit. Space Science Reviews, 168 (1). pp. 363-384. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: 10.1007/s11214-011-9830-8

Saenko, O. A., Gregory, J. M., Weaver, A. J. and Eby, M. (2002) Distinguishing the influence of heat, freshwater, and momentum fluxes on ocean circulation and climate. Journal of Climate, 15 (24). pp. 3686-3697. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3686:DTIOHF>2.0.CO;2

Salzmann, N., Frei, C., Vidale, P. L. and Hoelzle, M. (2007) The application of Regional Climate Model output for the simulation of high-mountain permafrost scenarios. Global and Planetary Change, 56 (1-2). pp. 188-202. ISSN 0921-8181 doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.07.006

Sanchez-Lugo, A., Kennedy, J. J. and Berrisford, P. (2011) [Temperature] surface temperatures [in "State of the Climate in 2010"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92 (6). S36-S37. ISSN 1520-0477

Sanchez-Lugo, A., Kennedy, J.J. and Berrisford, P. (2012) [Global climate] Surface temperature [in "State of the Climate in 2011"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (7). S14-S16. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 (Supplement)

SanchezGomez, E., Cassou, C., Hodson, D. L. R., Keenlyside, N., Okumura, Y. and Zhou, T. (2008) North Atlantic weather regimes response to Indian-western Pacific Ocean warming: A multi-model study. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (15). L15706. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2008GL034345

Sansom, P. G., Stephenson, D. B., Ferro, C. A. T., Zappa, G. and Shaffrey, L. (2013) Simple uncertainty frameworks for selecting weighting schemes and interpreting multimodel ensemble climate change experiments. Journal of Climate, 26 (12). pp. 4017-4037. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00462.1

Santer, B. D., Painter, J. F. , Mears, C. A., Doutriaux, C., Caldwell, P., Arblaster, J. M., Cameron-Smith, P. J., Gillett, N. P., Gleckler, P. J., Lanzante, J., Perlwitz, J., Solomon, S., Stott, P. A., Taylor, K. E., Terray, L., Thorne, P. W., Wehner, M. F., Wentz, F. J., Wigley, T. M. L. , Wilcox, L. J. and Zou, C.-Z. (2012) Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 (1). pp. 26-33. ISSN 0027-8424 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210514109

Saulière, J., Brayshaw, D. J., Hoskins, B. and Blackburn, M. (2012) Further investigation of the impact of idealised continents and SST distributions on the Northern Hemisphere storm tracks. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69 (3). pp. 840-856. ISSN 0022-4928 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-0113.1

Sayer, A. M., Poulsen, C. A., Arnold, C., Campmany, E., Dean, S., Ewen, G. B. L., Grainger, R. G., Lawrence, B. N., Siddans, R., Thomas, G. E. and Watts, P. D. (2011) Global retrieval of ATSR cloud parameters and evaluation (GRAPE): dataset assessment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (8). pp. 3913-3936. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-11-3913-2011

Scaife, A. A., Woollings, T., Knight, J., Martin, G. and Hinton, T. (2010) Atmospheric blocking and mean biases in climate models. Journal of Climate, 23 (23). pp. 6143-6152. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3728.1

Schiemann, R., Erdin, R., Willi, M., Frei, C., Berenguer, M. and Sempere-Torres, D. (2011) Geostatistical radar-raingauge combination with nonparametric correlograms: methodological considerations and application in Switzerland. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15 (5). pp. 1515-1536. ISSN 1027-5606 doi: 10.5194/hess-15-1515-2011

Schmidli, J., Frei, C. and Vidale, P. L. (2006) Downscaling from GCM precipitation: a benchmark for dynamical and statistical downscaling methods. International Journal of Climatology, 26 (5). pp. 679-689. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1287

Schwierz, C., Köllner-Heck, P., Zenklusen Mutter, E., Bresch, D. N., Vidale, P. L., Wild, M. and Schär, C. (2009) Modelling European winter wind storm losses in current and future climate. Climatic Change, 101 (3-4). pp. 485-514. ISSN 0165-0009 doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9712-1

Schär , C., Vidale, P. L., Frei, C., Luethi, D., Liniger, M. and Appenzeller, C. (2004) The role of increasing temperature variability in European summer heatwaves. Nature, 427 (6972). pp. 332-336. ISSN 0028-0836 doi: 10.1038/nature02300

Senapathi, D., Underwood, F. M., Black, E. C. L., Nicoll, M. A. C. and Norris, K. J. (2010) Evidence for long-term regional changes in precipitation on the East Coast Mountains in Mauritius. International Journal of Climatology, 30 (8). pp. 1164-1177. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1953

Shaffrey, L. C., Hoskins, B. J. and Lu, R. (2002) The relationship between the North American summer monsoon, the Rocky Mountains and the North Pacific subtropical anticyclone in HadAM3. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 128 (586). pp. 2607-2622. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1256/qj.01.145

Shaffrey, L. C., Stevens, I., Norton, W., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Harle, J. D., Jrrar, A., Stevens, D. P., Woodage, M. J., Demory, M.-E., Donners, J., Clark, D. B., Clayton, A., Cole, J. W., Wilson, S. S., Connolley, W. M., Davies, T. M., Iwi, A. M., Johns, T. C., King, J. C., New, A. L., Slingo, J. M., Slingo, A., Steenman-Clark, L. and Martin, G. M. (2009) U.K. HiGEM: The New U.K. High-Resolution Global Environment Model—Model Description and Basic Evaluation. Journal of Climate, 22 (8). pp. 1861-1896. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2508.1

Shaon, A., Callaghan, S., Lawrence, B. N., Matthews, B., Osborn, T., Harpham, C. and Woolf, A. (2012) Opening up climate research: A linked data approach to publishing data provenance. International Journal of Digital Curation, 7 (1). pp. 163-173. ISSN 1746-8256 doi: 10.2218/ijdc.v7i1.223

Shaw, M. W. and Osborne, T. M. (2011) Geographic distribution of plant pathogens in response to climate change. Plant Pathology, 60 (1). pp. 31-43. ISSN 0032-0862 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02407.x

Siddall, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Andersen, M., Antonioli, F., Bamber, J., Bard, E., Clark, J., Clark, P., Deschamps, P., Dutton, A., Elliot, M., Gallup, C., Gomez, N., Gregory, J. M., Huybers, P., Kawarnura, K., Kelly, M., Lambeck, K., Lowell, T., Milrovica, J., Otto-Bliesner, B., Richards, D., Stanford, J., Stirling, C., Stocker, T., Thomas, A., Thompson, B., Toernqvist, T., Riveiros, N. V., Waelbroeck, C., Yokoyama, Y., Yu, S. and PALSEA Level WorkingGrp, (2010) The sea-level conundrum: case studies from palaeo-archives. Journal of Quaternary Science, 25 (1). pp. 19-25. ISSN 0267-8179 doi: 10.1002/jqs.1270

Siddall, M., Clark, P., Thompson, W., Waelbroeck, C., Gregory, J. M. and Stocker, T. (2009) The sea level conundrum: insights from paleo studies. EOS transactions, 90 (9 ). pp. 72-73. ISSN 0096-3941 doi: DOI:10.1029/2009EO090007, 2009

Sijp, W. P., Gregory, J. M., Tailleux, R. and Spence, P. (2012) The key role of the western boundary in linking the AMOC strength to the north-south pressure gradient. Journal of Physical Oceanography. ISSN 1520-0485 (In Press)

Sijp, W.P., England, M.H. and Gregory, J. (2012) Precise calculations of the existence of multiple AMOC equilibria in coupled climate models Part I: equilibrium states. Journal of Climate, 25 (1). pp. 282-298. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4245.1

Silva Dias, M.A.F., Vidale, P. L. and Blanco, C.M.R. (1995) Case study and numerical simulation of the summer regional circulation in São Paulo, Brazil. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 74 (4). pp. 371-388. ISSN 0006-8314

Simpson, I. R., Blackburn, M. and Haigh, J. D. (2012) A mechanism for the effect of tropospheric jet structure on the annular mode-like response to stratospheric forcing. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69 (7). pp. 2152-2170. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-0188.1

Simpson, I. R., Blackburn, M. and Haigh, J. D. (2009) The role of eddies in driving the tropospheric response to stratospheric heating perturbations. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (5). pp. 1347-1365. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2758.1

Simpson, I. R., Blackburn, M., Haigh, J. D. and Sparrow, S. N. (2010) The impact of the state of the troposphere on the response to stratospheric heating in a simplified GCM. Journal of Climate, 23 (23). pp. 6166-6185. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3792.1

Sinha, B., Blaker, A., Hirschi, J., Bonham, S., Brand, M., Josey, S., Smith, R. and Marotzke, J. (2012) Mountain ranges favour vigorous Atlantic Meridional Overturning. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. L02705. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL050485

Slingo, J., Spencer, H., Hoskins, B., Berrisford, P. and Black, E. (2005) The meteorology of the Western Indian Ocean, and the influence of the east African highlands. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 363 (1826). pp. 25-42. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2004.1473

Slingo, J. M., Bates, K., Nikiforakis, N., Piggott, M., Roberts, M., Shaffrey, L., Stevens, I., Vidale, P. L. and Weller, H. (2009) Developing the next-generation climate system models: challenges and achievements. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 815-831. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0207

Smith, D. M., Scaife, A. A., Boer, G. J., Caian, M., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., Guemas, V., Hawkins, E., Hazeleger, W., Hermanson, L., Ho, C. K., Ishii, M., Kharin, V., Kimoto, M., Kirtman, B., Lean, J., Matei, D., Merryfield, W. J., Müller, W. A., Pohlmann, H., Rosati, A., Wouters, B. and Wyser, K. (2013) Real-time multi-model decadal climate predictions. Climate Dynamics, 41 (11-12). pp. 2875-2888. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0

Smith, R. (2012) The FAMOUS climate model (versions XFXWB and XFHCC): description update to version XDBUA. Geoscientific Model Development, 5 (1). pp. 269-276. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-5-269-2012

Smith, R. and Gregory, J. (2012) The last glacial cycle: transient simulations with an AOGCM. Climate Dynamics, 38 (7-8). pp. 1545-1559. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007_s00382-011-1283-y

Smith, R. S. and Gregory, J. M. (2009) A study of the sensitivity of ocean overturning circulation and climate to freshwater input in different regions of the North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L15701. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2009GL038607

Sparrow, S. N., Blackburn, M. and Haigh, J. D. (2009) Annular variability and eddy-zonal flow interactions in a simplified atmospheric GCM. Part 1: Characterization of high and low frequency behaviour. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (10). pp. 3075-3094. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2009JAS2953.1

Spencer, H. (2004) Role of the atmosphere in the seasonal phase locking of El Nino. Geophysical Research Letters, 31 (5). L24104. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2004GL021619

Spencer, H., Slingo, J. M. and Davey, M. K. (2004) Seasonal predictability of ENSO teleconnections: the role of the remote ocean response. Climate Dynamics, 22 (5). pp. 511-526.

Spencer, H., Sutton, R. and Slingo, J.M. (2007) El Nino in a Coupled Climate Model: Sensitivity to changes in mean state induced by heat flux and wind stress corrections. Journal of Climate, 20 (10). pp. 2273-2298. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: doi 10.1175/JCLI4111.1

Sperber, K. R., Annamalai, H., Kang, I.-S., Kitoh, A., Moise, A., Turner, A., Wang, B. and Zhou, T. (2013) The Asian summer monsoon: an intercomparison of CMIP5 vs. CMIP3 simulations of the late 20th century. Climate Dynamics, 41 (9-10). pp. 2711-2744. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1607-6

Srokosz, M., Baringer, M., Bryden, H., Cunningham, S., Delworth, T., Lozier, S., Marotzke, J. and Sutton, R. (2012) Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (11). pp. 1663-1676. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1

Stephens, A., Marsh, K. P. and Lawrence, B. N. (2003) Presenting a multi-terabyte dataset via the web. Proceedings of the ECMWF Ninth Workshop on Meteorological Operational Systems.

Stockli, R. and Vidale, P. L. (2004) European plant phenology and climate as seen in a 20-year AVHRR land-surface parameter dataset. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25 (17). pp. 3303-3330. ISSN 0143-1161 doi: 10.1080/01431160310001618149

Stone, E. M., Stanford, J. L., Ziemke, J. R., Allen, D. R., Taylor, F. W., Rodgers, C. D., Lawrence, B. N., Fishbein, E. F., Elson, L. S. and Waters, J. W. (1995) Space-time integrity of improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder and microwave limb sounder temperature fields at Kelvin wave scales. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (D7). pp. 14089-14096. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/95JD01171

Stott, P., Good, P., Jones, G., Gillett, N. and Hawkins, E. (2013) The upper end of climate model temperature projections is inconsistent with past warming. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (1). 014024. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014024

Studer, S., Stöckli, R., Appenzeller, C. and Vidale, P. L. (2007) A comparative study of satellite and ground-based phenology. International Journal of Biometeorology, 51 (5). pp. 405-414. ISSN 1432-1254 doi: 10.1007/s00484-006-0080-5

Sutton, R. and Dong, B. (2012) Atlantic Ocean influence on a shift in European climate in the 1990s. Nature Geoscience, 5. pp. 788-792. ISSN 1752-0908 doi: 10.1038/ngeo1595

Sutton, R. and Hodson, D. (2007) Climate response to basin-scale warming and cooling of the North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 20 (5). pp. 891-907. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI4038.1

Sutton, R. T. and Hodson, D. L. R. (2005) Atlantic Ocean forcing of North American and European summer climate. Science, 309 (5731). pp. 115-118.

Sutton, R.T. and Hodson, D.L.R. (2003) Influence of the ocean on North Atlantic climate variability 1871-1999. Journal Of Climate, 16. pp. 3296-3313. ISSN 1520-0442

Swingedouw, D., Braconnot, P., Delecluse, P., Guilyardi, E. and Marti, O. (2007) The impact of global freshwater forcing on the thermohaline circulation: adjustment of North Atlantic convection sites in a CGCM. Climate Dynamics, 28 (2-3). pp. 291-305. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0171-3

Swingedouw, D., Mignot, J., Labetoulle, S., Guilyardi, E. and Madec, G. (2013) Initialisation and predictability of the AMOC over the last 50 years in a climate model. Climate Dynamics, 40 (9-10). pp. 2381-2399. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1516-8

Tagliabue, A., Bopp, L., Roche, D.M., Bouttes, N., Dutay, J.-C., Alkama, R., Kageyama, M., Michel, E. and Paillard, D. (2009) Quantifying the roles of ocean circulation and biogeochemistry in governing ocean carbon-13 and atmospheric carbon dioxide at the last glacial maximum. Climate of the Past, 5 (4). pp. 695-706. ISSN 1814-9324 doi: 10.5194/cp-5-695-2009

Taylor, C. M., Harding, R. J., Pielke, R. A., Vidale, P. L., Walko, R. L. and Pomeroy, J. W. (1998) Snow breezes in the boreal forest. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (D18). pp. 23087-23101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/98JD02004

Terray, L., Demory, M.-E., Déqué, M., de Coetlogon, G. and Maisonnave, E. (2004) Simulation of late-twenty-first-century changes in wintertime atmospheric circulation over Europe due to anthropogenic causes. Journal of Climate, 17 (24). pp. 4630-4635. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-3244.1

Thomas, G. E., Poulsen, C. A., Sayer, A. M., Marsh, S. H., Dean, S. M., Carboni, E., Siddans, R., Grainger, R. G. and Lawrence, B. N. (2009) The GRAPE aerosol retrieval algorithm. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2 (2). pp. 679-701. ISSN 1867-8548 doi: 10.5194/amt-2-679-2009

Thomas, G. E., Poulsen, C. A., Siddans, R., Sayer, A. M., Carboni, E., Marsh, S. H., Dean, S. M., Grainger, R. G. and Lawrence, B. N. (2010) Validation of the GRAPE single view aerosol retrieval for ATSR-2 and insights into the long term global AOD trend over the ocean. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (10). pp. 4849-4866. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-10-4849-2010

Thorpe, R. B., Gregory, J. M., Johns, T. C., Wood, R. A. and Mitchell, J. F. B. (2001) Mechanisms determining the Atlantic thermohaline circulation response to greenhouse gas forcing in a non-flux-adjusted coupled climate model. Journal of Climate, 14 (14). pp. 3102-3116. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3102:MDTATC>2.0.CO;2

Tietsche, S. and Pikovsky, A. (2008) Chaotic destruction of Anderson localization in a nonlinear lattice. Europhysics Letters, 84 (1). 10006. ISSN 0295-5075 doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/84/10006

Tietsche, S., Day, J.J., Guemas, V., Hurlin, W. J., Keeley, S.P.E., Matei, D., Msadek, R., Collins, M. and Hawkins, E. (2014) Seasonal to interannual Arctic sea-ice predictability in current GCMs. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (3). pp. 1035-1043. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2013GL058755

Tietsche, S., Notz, D., Jungclaus, J. H. and Marotzke, J. (2012) Assimilation of sea-ice concentration in a global climate model — physical and statistical aspects. Ocean Science Discussion, 9 (4). pp. 2403-2455. ISSN 1812-0784 doi: 10.5194/osd-9-2403-2012

Tietsche, S., Notz, D., Jungclaus, J. H. and Marotzke, J. (2013) Assimilation of sea-ice concentration in a global climate model — physical and statistical aspects. Ocean Science, 9 (1). pp. 19-36. ISSN 1812-0792 doi: 10.5194/os-9-19-2013

Tietsche, S., Notz, D., Jungclaus, J. H. and Marotzke, J. (2013) Predictability of large interannual Arctic sea-ice anomalies. Climate Dynamics, 41 (9-10). pp. 2511-2526. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1698-8

Tietsche, S., Notz, D., Jungclaus, J. H. and Marotzke, J. (2011) Recovery mechanisms of Arctic summer sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (2). L02707. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL045698

Tobin, I., Bony, S., Holloway, C. E., Grandpeix, J.-Y., Seze, G., Coppin, D., Woolnough, S. J. and Roca, R. (2013) Does convective aggregation need to be represented in cumulus parameterizations? Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5 (4). pp. 692-703. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/jame.20047

Toniazzo, T. and Woolnough, S. (2013) Development of warm SST errors in the southern tropical Atlantic in CMIP5 decadal hindcasts. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1691-2 (In Press)

Toniazzo, T., Abel, S. J., Wood, R., Mechoso, C. R., Allen, G. and Shaffrey, L. C. (2011) Large-scale and synoptic meteorology in the south-east Pacific during the observations campaign VOCALS-REx in austral Spring 2008. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (10). pp. 4977-5009. ISSN 1680-7324 doi: 10.5194/acp-11-4977-2011

Toniazzo, T., Mechoso, C. R., Shaffrey, L. C. and Slingo, J. M. (2010) Upper-ocean heat budget and ocean eddy transport in the south-east Pacific in a high-resolution coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 35 (7-8). pp. 1309-1329. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0703-8

Tsamados, M., Feltham, D., Schroeder, D., Flocco, D., Farell, S., Kurtz, N., Laxon, S. and Bacon, S. (2014) Impact of variable atmospheric and oceanic form drag on simulations of Arctic sea ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44 (5). pp. 1329-1353. ISSN 0022-3670 doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-0215.1

Turner, A. G. and Annamalai, H. (2012) Climate change and the South Asian summer monsoon. Nature Climate Change, 2. pp. 587-595. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate1495

Turner, A. G. and Hannachi, A. (2010) Is there regime behavior in monsoon convection in the late 20th century? Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L16706. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL044159

Turner, A. G. and Slingo, J. M. (2009) Subseasonal extremes of precipitation and active-break cycles of the Indian summer monsoon in a climate-change scenario. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135 (640). pp. 549-567. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.401

Turner, A. G. and Slingo, J. M. (2009) Uncertainties in future projections of extreme precipitation in the Indian monsoon region. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10 (3). pp. 152-158. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl.223

Turner, A. G. and Slingo, J. M. (2011) Using idealized snow forcing to test teleconnections with the Indian summer monsoon in the Hadley Centre GCM. Climate Dynamics, 36 (9-10). pp. 1717-1735. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0805-3

Turner, A. G., Joshi, M., Robertson, E. S. and Woolnough, S. J. (2012) The effect of Arabian Sea optical properties on SST biases and the South Asian summer monsoon in a coupled GCM. Climate Dynamics, 39 (3-4). pp. 811-826. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1254-3

Van Den Hoof, C. and Thiry, Y. (2012) Modelling of the natural chlorine cycling in a coniferous stand: implications for chlorine-36 behaviour in a contaminated forest environment. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity , 107. pp. 56-67. ISSN 0265-931X doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.12.014

Van Den Hoof, C., Hanert, E. and Vidale, P. L. (2011) Simulating dynamic crop growth with an adapted land surface model – JULES-SUCROS: model development and validation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151 (2). pp. 137-153. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.09.011

Van Den Hoof, C., Vidale, P. L., Verhoef, A. and Vincke, C. (2013) Improved evaporative flux partitioning and carbon flux in the land surface model JULES: impact on the simulation of land surface processes in temperate Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 181. pp. 108-124. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.07.011

Vanniere, B., Guilyardi, E., Toniazzo, T., Madec, G. and Woolnough, S. (2014) A systematic approach to identify the sources of tropical SST errors in coupled models using the adjustment of initialised experiments. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2051-6 (In Press)

Vannière, B., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Doblas-Reyes, F. J. and Woolnough, S. (2013) Using seasonal hindcasts to understand the origin of the equatorial cold tongue bias in CGCMs and its impact on ENSO. Climate Dynamics, 40 (3-4). pp. 963-981. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1429-6

Vecchi, G. A., Msadek, R., Delworth, T. L., Dixon, K. W., Guilyardi, E., Hawkins, E., Karspeck, A. R., Mignot, J., Robson, J., Rosati, A. and Zhang, R. (2012) Comment on “Multiyear prediction of monthly mean Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N”. Science, 338 (6107). p. 604. ISSN 1095-9203 doi: 10.1126/science.1222566

Vellinga, M., Wood, R. A. and Gregory, J. M. (2002) Processes governing the recovery of a perturbed thermohaline circulation in HadCM3. Journal of Climate, 15 (7). pp. 764-780. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0764:PGTROA>2.0.CO;2

Vermeulen, S. J., Challinor, A. J., Thornton, P. K., Campbell, B. M., Eriyagama, N., Vervoort, J. M., Kinyangi, J., Jarvis, A., Laderach, P., Ramirez-Villegas, J., Nicklin, K. J., Hawkins, E. and Smith, D. R. (2013) Addressing uncertainty in adaptation planning for agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 (21). pp. 8357-8362. ISSN 0027-8424 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1219441110

Vialard, J., Menkes, C., Boulanger, J.-P., Delecluse, P., Guilyardi, E., McPhaden, M. J. and Madec, G. (2001) A model study of oceanic mechanisms affecting Equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature during the 1997-98 El Niño. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31 (7). pp. 1649-1675. ISSN 0022-3670 doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1649:AMSOOM>2.0.CO;2

Vidale, P. L., Lüthi, D., Frei, C., Seneviratne, S. and Schär, C. (2003) Predictability and uncertainty in a regional climate model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (D18). 4586. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2002JD002810

Vidale, P. L., Pielke Sr, R.A., Steyaert, L.T. and Barr, A. (1997) Case study modeling of turbulent and mesoscale fluxes over the BOREAS region. Journal of geophysical research, 102 (D24). pp. 29167-29.

Vidale, P. L., Pielke, R. A., Steyaert, L. T. and Barr, A. (1997) Case study modeling of turbulent and mesoscale fluxes over the BOREAS region. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D24). pp. 29167-29188. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/97JD02561

Wade, A. J., Black, E. C. L., Brayshaw, D. J., El-Bastawesy, M., Holmes, P. A. C., Butterfield, D., Nuimat, S. and Jamjoum, K. (2010) A model-based assessment of the effects of projected climate change on the water resources of Jordan. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Part A, 368 (1931). pp. 5151-5172. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0207

Wade, A. J., Smith, S. J., Black, E. C. L., Brayshaw, D. J., Holmes, P.A.C., El-Bastawesy, M., Rambeau, C. M. C. and Mithen, S. J. (2012) A new method for the determination of Holocene palaeohydrology. Journal of Hydrology, 420-421. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0022-1694 doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.10.033

Waliser, D., Sperber, K., Hendon, H., Kim, D., Maloney, E., Wheeler, M., Weickmann, K., Zhang, C., Donner, L., Gottschalck, J., Higgins, W., Kang, I.-S., Legler, D., Moncrieff, M., Schubert, S., Stern, W., Vitart, F., Wang , B., Wang, W. and Woolnough, S. J. (2009) MJO Simulation Diagnostics. Journal of Climate, 22 (11). pp. 3006-3030. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2731.1

Walko, R. L., Band, L. E., Baron, J., Kittel, T. G. F., Lammers, R., Lee, T. J., Ojima, D., Pielke Sr, R. A., Taylor, C., Tague, C., Tremback, C. and Vidale, P. L. (2000) Coupled atmosphere-biophysics-hydrology models for environmental modeling. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39 (6). pp. 931-944. ISSN 0894-8763 doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<0931:CABHMF>2.0.CO;2

Walters, D. N., Williams, K. D., Boutle, I. A., Bushell, A. C., Edwards, J. M., Field, P. R., Lock, A. P., Morcrette, C. J., Stratton, R. A., Wilkinson, J. M., Willett, M. R., Bellouin, N., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Brooks, M. E., Copsey, D., Earnshaw, P. D., Hardiman, S. C., Harris, C. M., Levine, R. C., MacLachlan, C., Manners, J. C., Martin, G. M., Milton, S. F., Palmer, M. D., Roberts, M. J., Rodríguez, J. M., Tennant, W. J. and Vidale, P. L. (2014) The Met Office unified model global atmosphere 4.0 and JULES global land 4.0 configurations. Geoscientific Model Development, 7 (1). pp. 361-386. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-361-2014

Wang, Z., Kuhlbrodt, T. and Meredith, M. P. (2011) On the response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current transport to climate change in coupled climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. C08011. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JC006757

Warren, R., Lowe, J. A., Arnell, N., Hope, C., Berry, P., Brown, S., Gambhir, A., Gosling, S. N., Nicholls, R. J., O’Hanley, J., Osborn, T. J., Osborne, T., Price, J., Raper, S. C. B., Rose, G. and Vanderwal, J. (2013) The AVOID programme’s new simulations of the global benefits of stringent climate change mitigation. Climatic Change, 120 (1-2). pp. 55-70. ISSN 0165-0009 doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0814-4

Weller, H. (2012) Controlling the computational modes of the arbitrarily structured C-grid. Monthly Weather Review, 140 (10). pp. 3220-3234. ISSN 1520-0493 doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00221.1

Weller, H. (2009) Predicting mesh density for adaptive modelling of the global atmosphere. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1907). pp. 4523-4542. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2009.0151

Weller, H. and Weller, H. G. (2008) A high-order arbitrarily unstructured finite-volume model of the global atmosphere: tests solving the shallow-water equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 56 (8). pp. 1589-1596. ISSN 0271-2091 doi: 10.1002/fld.1595

Weller, H., Ringler, T., Piggott, M. and Wood, N. (2010) Challenges facing adaptive mesh modeling of the atmosphere and ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91 (1). pp. 105-108. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/2009BAMS2907.1

Weller, H., Thuburn, J. and Cotter, C. J. (2012) Computational modes and grid imprinting on five quasi-uniform spherical C-grids. Monthly Weather Review, 140 (8). pp. 2734-2755. ISSN 1520-0493 doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00193.1

Weller, H., Weller, H. G. and Fournier, A. (2009) Voronoi, Delaunay, and Block-Structured Mesh Refinement for Solution of the Shallow-Water Equations on the Sphere. Monthly Weather Review, 137 (12). pp. 4208-4224. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/2009MWR2917.1

Wilby, R.L., Troni, J., Biot, Y., Tedd, L., Hewitson, B.C., Smith, D.M. and Sutton, R. (2009) A review of climate risk information for adaptation and development planning. International Journal of Climatology, 29 (9). pp. 1193-1215. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1839

Wilcox, L. and Charlton-Perez, A. J. (2013) Final warming of the Southern Hemisphere polar vortex in high- and low-top CMIP5 models. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118 (6). pp. 2535-2546. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50254

Wilcox, L. J., Charlton-Perez, A. J. and Gray, L. J. (2012) Trends in Austral jet position in ensembles of high- and low-top CMIP5 models. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 117. D13115. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JD017597

Wilcox, L.J., Highwood, E.J. and Dunstone, N.J. (2013) The influence of anthropogenic aerosol on multi-decadal variations of historical global climate. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (2). 024033. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024033

Williams, C., Kniveton, D. and Layberry, R. (2010) Idealized SST anomaly regional climate model experiments: a note of caution. Progress in Physical Geography, 34 (1). pp. 59-74. ISSN 1477-0296 doi: 10.1177/0309133309356738

Williams, C. J. R., Kniveton, D. R. and Layberry, R. (2010) Assessment of a climate model to reproduce rainfall variability and extremes over Southern Africa. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 99 (1-2). pp. 9-27. ISSN 1434-4483 doi: 10.1007/s00704-009-0124-y

Williams, C. J. R., Kniveton, D. and Layberry, R. (2007) Climatic and oceanic associations with daily rainfall extremes over southern Africa. International Journal of Climatology, 27 (1). pp. 93-108. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.1376

Williams, C.J.R., Allan, R.P. and Kniveton, D.R. (2012) Diagnosing atmosphere–land feedbacks in CMIP5 climate models. Environmental Research Letters, 7 (4). 044003. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044003

Williams, D. N., Taylor, K. E., Cinquini, L., Evans, B., Kawamiya, M., Lautenschlager, M., Lawrence, B., Middleton, D. and ESGF Contributors, (2011) The Earth System Grid Federation: software framework supporting CMIP5 data analysis and dissemination. CLIVAR Exchanges, 56: 16 (2). pp. 40-42.

Williams, J.H.T., Smith, R.S., Valdes, P.J., Booth, B.B.B. and Osprey, A. (2013) Optimising the FAMOUS climate model: inclusion of global carbon cycling. Geoscientific Model Development, 6. pp. 141-160. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-6-141-2013

Williams, P. (2012) Comment on “A modified leapfrog scheme for shallow water equations” by Wen-Yih Sun and Oliver M.T. Sun. Computers & Fluids, 62. p. 91. ISSN 0045-7930 doi: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2012.02.023

Williams, P. D. (2012) Climatic impacts of stochastic fluctuations in air–sea fluxes. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (10). ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL051813

Williams, P. D. (2010) The RAW filter: an improvement to the Robert–Asselin filter in semi-implicit integrations. Monthly Weather Review, 139 (6). pp. 1996-2007. ISSN 1520-0493 doi: 10.1175/2010MWR3601.1

Williams, P. D. (2013) Achieving seventh-order amplitude accuracy in leapfrog integrations. Monthly Weather Review. ISSN 1520-0493 doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-12-00303.1 (In Press)

Williams, P. D. (2009) A Proposed Modification to the Robert–Asselin Time Filter. Monthly Weather Review, 137 (8). pp. 2538-2546. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/2009MWR2724.1

Williams, P. D. (2009) Rapid climate change: an overview for economists. International Journal of Green Economics, 3 (1). pp. 63-76. ISSN 1744-9928 doi: 10.1504/IJGE.2009.026492

Williams, P. D. (2010) Research resource review: Schultz DM 2009: Eloquent Science: A Practical Guide to Becoming a Better Writer, Speaker and Atmospheric Scientist. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society. 440 pp. US$45 paper. ISBN: 978 1 878220 91 2. Progress in Physical Geography, 34 (5). pp. 729-731. ISSN 0309-1333 doi: 10.1177/03091333100340050102

Williams, P. D. and Joshi, M. M. (2013) Intensification of winter transatlantic aviation turbulence in response to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 3. pp. 644-648. ISSN 1758-6798 doi: 10.1038/nclimate1866

Williams, P. D., Cullen, M. J.P., Davey, M. K. and Huthnance, J. M. (2013) Mathematics applied to the climate system: outstanding challenges and recent progress. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371 (1991). 20120518. ISSN 1471-2962 doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0518

Williams, P. D., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Gualdi, S. and Scoccimarro, E. (2010) The role of mean ocean salinity in climate. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 49 (2-3). pp. 108-123. ISSN 0377-0265 doi: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.02.001

Williams, P. D., Haine, T., Read, P., Lewis, S. and Yamazaki, Y. (2009) QUAGMIRE v1.3: a quasi-geostrophic model for investigating rotating fluids experiments. Geoscientific Model Development, 2 (1). pp. 13-32.

Williams, P. D., Read, P. L. and Haine, T. W. N. (2010) Testing the limits of quasi-geostrophic theory: application to observed laboratory flows outside the quasi-geostrophic regime. Journal Of Fluid Mechanics , 649. pp. 187-203. ISSN 0022-1120 doi: DOI:10.1017/S0022112009993405

Williamson, D. L., Blackburn, M., Nakajima, K., Ohfuchi, W., Takahashi, Y. O., Hayashi, Y.-Y., Nakamura, H., Ishiwatari, M., McGregor, J. L., Borth, H., Wirth, V., Frank, H., Bechtold, P., Wedi, N. P., Tomita, H., Satoh, M., Zhao, M., Held, I. M., Suarez, M. J., Lee, M.-I., Watanabe, M., Kimoto, M., Liu, Y., Wang, Z., Molod, A., Rajendran, K., Kitoh, A. and Stratton, R. (2013) The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): Response to changed meridional SST profile. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 91A. pp. 57-89. ISSN 0026-1165 doi: 10.2151/jmsj.2013-A03

Wood, R. A., Keen, A. B., Mitchell, J. F. B. and Gregory, J. M. (1999) Changing spatial structure of the thermohaline circulation in response to atmospheric CO2 forcing in a climate model. Nature, 399. pp. 572-575. ISSN 0028-0836 doi: 10.1038/21170

Woolf, A., Cramer, R., Gutierrez, M., Dam, K.K., Kondapalli, S., Latham, S., Lawrence, B., Lowry, R. and O'Neill, K. (2005) Standards-based data interoperability in the climate sciences. Meteorological Applications, 12 (1). pp. 9-22. ISSN 1469-8080

Woollings, T. (2010) Dynamical influences on European climate: an uncertain future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368 (1924). pp. 3733-3756. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0040

Woollings, T. , Hannachi, A. , Hoskins, B. and Turner, A. (2010) A regime view of the North Atlantic Oscillation and its response to anthropogenic forcing. Journal of Climate, 23 (6). pp. 1291-1307. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3087.1

Woollings, T. and Blackburn, M. (2012) The North Atlantic jet stream under climate change and its relation to the NAO and EA patterns. Journal of Climate, 25 (3). pp. 886-902. ISSN 0894-8755 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00087.1

Woollings, T., Gregory, J. M., Pinto, J. G., Reyers, M. and Brayshaw, D. J. (2012) Response of the North Atlantic storm track to climate change shaped by ocean–atmosphere coupling. Nature Geoscience, 5 (5). pp. 313-317. ISSN 1752-0894 doi: 10.1038/ngeo1438

Woollings, T., Harvey, B. and Masato, G. (2014) Arctic warming, atmospheric blocking and cold European winters in CMIP5 models. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (1). 014002. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/1/014002

Woollings, T., Harvey, B., Zahn, M. and Shaffrey, L. (2012) On the role of the ocean in projected atmospheric stability changes in the Atlantic polar low region. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (24). L24802. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL054016

Woollings, T., Hoskins, B., Blackburn, M., Hassell, D. and Hodges, K. (2010) Storm track sensitivity to sea surface temperature resolution in a regional atmosphere model. Climate Dynamics, 35 (2-3). pp. 341-353. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0554-3

Woolnough, S. J., Blossey, P.N., Xu, K.-M., Bechtold, P., Chaboureau, J.-P., Hosomi, T., Iacobellis, S.F., Luo, Y., Petch, J.C., Wong, R. and Xie, S. (2010) Modelling convective processes during the suppressed phase of the a Madden-Julian Oscillation: Comparing single-column models with cloud resolving models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136 (647). pp. 333-353. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.568

Wright, C. J., Osprey, S. M., Barnett, J. J., Gray, L. J. and Gille, J. C. (2010) High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder measurements of gravity wave activity in the 2006 Arctic stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. D02105. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JD011858

Wu, G., Liu, Y., Dong, B., Liang, X., Duan, A., Bao, Q. and Yu, J. (2012) Revisiting Asian monsoon formation and change associated with Tibetan Plateau forcing: I. Formation. Climate Dynamics, 39 (5). pp. 1169-1181. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1334-z

Wu, Y., Gan, G., Verhoef, A., Vidale, P. L. and Garcia Gonzalez, R. (2010) Experimental measurement and numerical simulation of horizontal-coupled slinky ground source heat exchangers. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30 (16). pp. 2574-2583. ISSN 1359-4311 doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2010.07.008

Yang, G. Y. and Hoskins, B. (2013) ENSO impact on Kelvin waves and associated tropical convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (11). pp. 3513-3532. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-081.1

Yang, G. Y. and Hoskins, B. (1996) Propagation of Rossby waves of nonzero frequency. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 53 (16). pp. 2365-2378. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2365:PORWON>2.0.CO;2

Yang, G. Y. and Slingo, J. (2001) The diurnal cycle in the tropics. Monthly Weather Review, 129 (4). pp. 784-801. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<0784:TDCITT>2.0.CO;2

Yang, G. Y., Hoskins, B. J. and Slingo, J. M. (2011) Equatorial waves in opposite QBO phases. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (4). pp. 839-862. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/2010JAS3514.1

Yang, G. Y., Slingo, J. M. and Hoskins, B. J. (2009) Convectively coupled equatorial waves in high resolution Hadley centre climate models. Journal of Climate, 22 (8). pp. 1897-1919. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2630.1

Yang, G.-Y., Hoskins, B. and Gray, L. (2012) The influence of the QBO on the propagation of equatorial waves into the stratosphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69 (10). pp. 2959-2982. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-0342.1

Yip, S., Ferro, C. A. T., Stephenson, D. B. and Hawkins, E. (2011) A simple, coherent framework for partitioning uncertainty in climate predictions. Journal of Climate, 24 (17). pp. 4634-4643. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4085.1

Zahn, M. and Allan, R. (2011) Changes in water vapor transports of the ascending branch of the tropical circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. D18111. ISSN 2156–2202 doi: 10.1029/2011JD016206

Zahn, M. and Allan, R. P. (2013) Climate warming–related strengthening of the tropical hydrological cycle. Journal of Climate, 26 (2). pp. 562-574. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00222.1

Zappa, G., Masato, G., Shaffrey, L., Woollings, T. and Hodges, K. (2014) Linking Northern Hemisphere blocking and storm track biases in the CMIP5 climate models. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (1). pp. 135-139. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2013GL058480

Zappa, G., Shaffrey, L. and Hodges, K. (2014) Can polar lows be objectively identified and tracked in the ECMWF operational analysis and the ERA-Interim reanalysis? Monthly Weather Review. ISSN 0027-0644 (In Press)

Zappa, G., Shaffrey, L. C. and Hodges, K. I. (2013) The ability of CMIP5 models to simulate North Atlantic extratropical cyclones. Journal of Climate, 26 (15). pp. 5379-5396. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00501.1

Zappa, G., Shaffrey, L. C., Hodges, K. I., Sansom, P. G. and Stephenson, D. B. (2013) A multimodel assessment of future projections of North Atlantic and European extratropical cyclones in the CMIP5 climate models. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00573.1

Zhang, R., Delworth, T. L., Sutton, R., Hodson, D. L. R., Dixon, K. W., Held, I. M., Kushnir, Y., Marshall, J., Ming, Y., Msadek, R., Robson, J., Rosati, A. J., Ting, M. and Vecchi, G. A. (2013) Have aerosols caused the observed Atlantic multidecadal variability? Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (4). pp. 1135-1144. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0331.1

Zhang, W., Jin, F.-F. and Turner, A. (2014) Increasing Autumn drought over Southern China associated with ENSO regime shift. Geophysical Research Letters. ISSN 1944-8007 doi: 10.1002/2014GL060130

Zheng, W., Braconnot, P., Guilyardi, E., Merkel, U. and Yu, Y. (2008) ENSO at 6ka and 21ka from ocean–atmosphere coupled model simulations. Climate Dynamics, 30 (7-8). pp. 745-762. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0320-3

Zhou, T., Yu, R., Zhang, J., Grange, H., Cassou, C., Deser, C., Hodson, D. L. R., Sanchez-Gomez, E., Keenlyside, N., Xin, X. and Okumura, Y. (2009) Why the western Pacific subtropical high has extended westward since the late 1970s. Journal of Climate, 22 (8). pp. 2199-2215. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2527.1

Zveryaev, I. I. and Allan, R.P. (2010) Summertime precipitation variability over europe and its links to atmospheric dynamics and evaporation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. D12102. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JD011213

de Leeuw, J., Methven, J. and Blackburn, M. (2014) Evaluation of ERA-Interim reanalysis precipitation products using England and Wales observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2395 (In Press)

van Oldenborgh, G. J., Doblas Reyes, F. J., Drijfhout, S. S. and Hawkins, E. (2013) Reliability of regional climate model trends. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (1). 014055. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014055

Book or Report Section

Abrantes, F., Voelker, A. (H. L.), Sierro, F. J., Naughton, F., Rodrigues, T., Cacho, I., Ariztegui, D., Brayshaw, D., Sicre, M.-A. and Batista, L. (2012) Paleoclimate variability in the Mediterranean region. In: Lionello, P. (ed.) The Climate of the Mediterranean Region. Elsevier, London, pp. 1-86. ISBN 9780124160422 doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-416042-2.00001-X

Black, E. (2011) Connecting climate and hydrological models for impacts studies. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 63-68. ISBN 9780521769570

Black, E., Brayshaw, D., Black, S. and Rambeau, C. (2011) Using proxy data, historical climate data and climate models to investigate aridification during the Holocene. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 105-112. ISBN 9780521769570

Black, E., Brayshaw, D., Slingo, J. and Hoskins, B. (2011) Future climate of the Middle East. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 51-62. ISBN 9780521769570

Black, E., Hoskins, B., Slingo, J. and Brayshaw, D. (2011) The present-day climate of the Middle East. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 13-24. ISBN 9780521769570

Boyd, E. and Cornforth, R. J. (2013) Building climate resilience: lessons of early warning in Africa. In: Moser, S. C. and Boykoff, M. T. (eds.) Successful Adaptation to Climate Change: Linking Science and Policy in a Rapidly Changing World. Routledge, pp. 201-219. ISBN 9780415524995

Brayshaw, D., Black, E., Hoskins, B. and Slingo, J. (2011) Past climates of the Middle East. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 25-50. ISBN 9780521769570

Church, J. A. and Gregory, J. M. (2001) Sea level change. In: Steele, J. H., Turekian, K. K. and Thorpe, S. A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Academic Press, pp. 2599-2604. ISBN 9780122274305 doi: 10.1006/rwos.2001.0268

Church, J. A., Gregory, J. M., Huybrechts, P., Kuhn, M., Lambeck, K., Nhuan, M. T., Qin, D. and Woodworth, P. L. (2001) Changes in sea level. In: Houghton, J. T., Ding, Y., Griggs, D. J., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P. J., Dai, X., Maskell, K. and Johnson, C. A. (eds.) Climate change 2001: the scientific basis. Contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, pp. 639-693. ISBN 0521807670 (Chapter 11)

Cornforth, R., Boyd, E. and Lamb, P. (2013) Case Study 5: Watching the rains to build resilience in the African Sahel. In: Southgate, R. and Murray, V. (eds.) Using Science for Disaster Risk Reduction Report of the UNISDR Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, pp. 22-23.

Cunningham, S., Marsh, R., Wood, R., Wallace, C., Kuhlbrodt, T. and Dye, S. (2010) Atlantic Heat Conveyor (Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation). In: Marine Climate Change Impacts Annual Report Card 2010-11, MCCIP Science Review. MCCIP, Lowestoft, 14 pp..

De Tero, G., Toniazzo, T. and Shaffrey, L. (2011) Ethiopian rainfall in climate models. In: Williams , C. J. R. and Kniveton , D. R. (eds.) African climate and climate change: physical, social and political perspective. Advances in Global Change Research (43). Springer, pp. 51-70. ISBN 9789048138418

Delworth, T. L., Clark, P. U., Holland, M., Johns, T., Kuhlbrodt, T., Lynch-Stieglitz, C., Seager, R., Weaver, A. J. and Zhang, R. (2008) The potential for abrupt change in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. In: Abrupt Climate Change. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, pp. 258-359.

Dong, B., Dufresne, J.-L., Gualdi, S., Friedlingstein, P., Keenlyside, N., Maheras, P., Salas, D., Sutton, R. T. and Terray, L. (2009) Understanding the processes governing climate variability and change, climate predictability and the probability of extreme events. In: Summary of research and results from the ENSEMBLES project. Met Office Hadley Centre, Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK, pp. 79-93.

Kirtman, B., Power, S. B., Adedoyin, J. A., Boer, G. J., Camilloni, I., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., Fiore, A. M., Kimoto, M., Meehl, G. A., Prather, M., Sarr, A., Schar, C., Sutton, R., van Oldenborgh, G. J., Vecchi, G. and Wang, H. J. (2014) Near-term climate change: projections and predictability. In: Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M. M.B., Allen, S. K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V. and Midgley, P. M. (eds.) Climate change 2013 : the physical science basis : contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 9781107661820

Mitchell, J. F. B. and Gregory, J. M. (1992) Climatic consequences of emissions and a comparison of IS92a and SA90. In: Houghton, J. T., Callander, B. A. and Varney, S. K. (eds.) Climate change 1992: the supplementary report to the IPCC scientific assessment. Cambridge University Press, pp. 173-175. ISBN 0521438292 (Annex)

Nortcliff, S., Black, E. and Potter, R. (2011) Current water demands and future strategies under changing climatic conditions. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 403-414. ISBN 9780521769570

Scholze, M., Allen, I., Collins, B., Cornell, S. E., Huntingford, C., Joshi, M., Lowe, J., Smith, R. and Wild, O. (2012) Earth system models: a tool to understand changes in the Earth system. In: Cornell, S.E., Prentice, I.C. and House, J.I. (eds.) Understanding the Earth system: global change science for application. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 129-159. ISBN 9781107009363

Smith, S., Wade, A., Black, E., Brayshaw, D., Rambeau, C. and Mithen, S. (2011) From global climate change to local impact in Wadi Faynan, southern Jordan: ten millennia of human settlement in its hydrological context. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 218-244. ISBN 9780521769570

Turner, A. G., Sperber, K. , Slingo, J. M., Meehl, G. , Mechoso, C. R. , Kimoto , M. and Giannini, A. (2011) Modelling monsoons: understanding and predicting current and future behaviour. In: Chang , C.-P. , Ding, Y., Lau, G. N.-C., Johnson, R. H., Wang, B. and Yasunari, T. (eds.) The global monsoon system: research and forecast, 2nd edition. World scientific series on Asia-Pacific weather and climate, 5. World Scientific/WMO, London Singapore New Jersey, pp. 421-454. ISBN 9789814343404

Vidale, P. L., Roberts, M., Hodges, K., Strachan, J., Demory, M.-E. and Slingo, J. (2010) Tropical Cyclones in a hieararchy of climate models of increasing resolution. In: Charabi, Y. (ed.) Indian ocean tropical cyclones and climate change. Earth and environmental science, 1. Springer, pp. 9-14. doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3109-9_2

Wade, A., Holmes, P., El Bastawesy, M., Smith, S., Black, E. and Mithen, S. (2011) The hydrology of the Wadi Faynan. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 157-174. ISBN 9780521769570

Wade, A., Manley, R., Black, E., Guest, J., Al Numait, S. and Jamjoum, K. (2011) Future projections of water availability in a semi-arid region of the eastern Mediterranean: a case study of Wadi Hasa, Jordan. In: Mithen, S. and Black, E. (eds.) Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 175-188. ISBN 9780521769570

Walko, R. L., Pielke, R., Vidale, P. L., Eastman, J. and Lu, L. (1998) Influence of forest cover in the eastern United States on regional climate. In: Beniston, M. and Innes, J. L. (eds.) The impacts of climate variability on forests. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences (74). Springer, London, pp. 93-98. ISBN 9783540646815

Report

Bechtold, P., Bauer, P., Berrisford, P., Bidlot, J., Cardinali, C., Haiden, T., Janousek, M., Klocke, D., Magnusson, L., McNally, A., Prates, F., Rodwell, M., Semane, N. and Vitart, F., (2012) Progress in predicting tropical systems: the role of convection. Technical Memoranda. 686. Technical Report. ECMWF pp61.

Berrisford, P., Dee, D., Fielding, K., Fuentes, M., Kallberg, P., Kobayashi, S. and Uppala, S., (2009) The ERA-Interim Archive. ERA Report Series. 1. Technical Report. European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading. pp16.

Berrisford, P., Dee, D., Poli, P., Brugge, R., Fielding, K., Fuentes, M., Kallberg, P., Kobayashi, S., Uppala, S. and Simmons, A., (2011) The ERA-Interim archive, version 2.0. ERA report series. 1. Technical Report. ECMWF pp23.

Hagemann, S., Machenhauer, B., Christensen, O.B., Déqué, M., Jacob, D., Jones, R. and Vidale, P. L., (2002) Intercomparison of water and energy budgets simulated by regional climate models applied over Europe. Report. Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany. pp42. ISBN 0937-1060

Rodwell, M.J., Jung, T., Bechtold, P., Berrisford, P., Bormann, N., Cardinali, C., Ferranti, L., Hewson, T., Molteni, F., Wedi, N., Balmaseda, M.A., Balsamo, G., Bonavita, M., Buizza, R., Dahoui, M., Garcia-Mendez, A., Leutbecher, M., Lopez, P., Trémolet, Y. and Vitart, F., (2010) Developments in diagnostics research. Technical Report. ECMWF pp51.

Williamson, D. L., Blackburn, M., Hoskins, B. J., Nakajima, K., Ohfuchi, W., Takahashi, Y. O., Hayashi, Y.-Y., Nakamura, H., Ishiwatari, M., McGregor, J. L., Borth, H., Wirth, V., Frank, H., Bechtold, P., Wedi, N. P., Tomita, H., Satoh, M., Zhao, M., Held, I. M., Suarez, M. J., Lee, M.-I., Watanabe, M., Kimoto, M., Liu, Y., Wang, Z., Molod, A., Rajendran, K., Kitoh, A. and Stratton, R. A., (2012) The APE atlas. NCAR Technical Note. TN-484+STR. Technical Report. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA. pp508. doi: 10.5065/D6FF3QBR

Conference or Workshop Item

Blower, J., Alegre, R., Bennett, V. L., Clifford, D., Kershaw, P. J., Lawrence, B., Lewis, J., Marsh, K., Nagni, M., O'Neill, A. and Phipps, R. (2013) Understanding climate data through commentary metadata: the CHARMe project. In: Linking and Contextualizing Publications and Datasets, 26 Sep 2013, Malta. (In Press)

Callaghan, S. A., Treshansky, A., Moine, M., Guilyardi, E., Alias, A., Balaji, V., Bojariu, R., Cofino, A. S., Denvil, S., Elkington, M., Ford, R., Kolaninski, M., Lautenschlager, M., Lawrence, B., Steenman-Clark, L. and Valcke, S. (2010) The METAFOR project: preserving data through metadata standards for climate models and simulations. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Digital Preservation Interoperability Framework Symposium, April 21 - 23 2010, Dresden, Germany , 6:1-6:8.

Kershaw, P., Ananthakrishnan, R., Cinquini, L., Heimbigner, D. and Lawrence, B. (2011) A modular access control architecture for the Earth system grid federation. In: International Conference on Grid Computing and Applications (GCA '11), 6-8 Jul 2011, Las Vegas, NV, pp. 3-9.

Lawrence, B. N. , Bennett, V. L., Churchill, J., Juckes, M., Kershaw, P., Pascoe, S., Pepler, S., Priitchard, M. and Stephens, A. (2013) Storing and manipulating environmental big data with JASMIN. In: IEEE Big Data, October 6-9, 2013, San Francisco. (In Press)

Osprey, A., Riley, G., Manjunathaiah, M. and Lawrence, B. (2013) A benchmark-driven modelling approach for evaluating deployment choices on a multicore architecture. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel & Distributed Processing Techniques & Application (PDPTA'13), July 22-25 2013, Las Vegas.

Shaon, A., Callaghan, S., Lawrence, B., Matthews, B., Woolf, A., Osborn, T. and Harpham, C. (2011) A linked data approach to publishing complex scientific workflows. In: 2011 IEEE Seventh International Conference on eScience, 5-8 Dec 2011, Stockholm, pp. 303-310.

Sutton, R.T., Hodson, D.L.R. and Mathieu, P.P. (2003) The role of the Atlantic Ocean in climate forecasting. Proceedings of the ECMWF workshop on the role of the upper ocean in medium and extended range forecasting. In: ECMWF.

Williams, D. N., Lawrence, B. N., Lautenschlager, M., Middleton, D. and Balaji, V. (2011) The Earth System Grid Federation: delivering globally accessible petascale data for CMIP5. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Asia-Pacific Advanced Network Meeting, New Delhi, pp. 121-130.

Book

Bengtsson, L., Koumoutsaris, S., Bonnet, R. -M., Allan, R. P., Fröhlich, C., Heintzenberg, J., Ingmann, P., Kandel, R., Loeb, N. G., Soden, B. and Trenberth, K. E. (2012) Observing and Modeling Earth's Energy Flows. Space Sciences Series of ISSI, 41. Springer. ISBN 9789400743267

Harvey, D., Gregory, J. M., Hoffert, M., Jain, A., Lal, M., Leemans, R., Raper, S., Wigley, T. and de Wolde, J. (1997) An introduction to simple climate models used in the IPCC second assessment report. IPCC Technical Paper (II). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. ISBN 9291691011

Mithen, S. and Black, E., eds. (2011) Water, life and civilisation: climate, environment and society in the Jordan Valley. International Hydrology Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp543. ISBN 9780521769570

Palmer, T. and Williams, P. , eds. (2010) Stochastic physics and climate modelling. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp496. ISBN 9780521761055

Thesis

Vidale, P. L. (1998) Contributions of land surface forced mesoscale circulations to the total heat, moisture and momentum budgets over BOREAS. PhD thesis, Colorado State University.

This list was generated on Mon Jul 28 10:48:07 2014 BST.

Page navigation